libguestfs is a set of tools for accessing and modifying virtual machine (VM) disk images. You can use this for viewing and editing files inside guests, scripting changes to VMs, monitoring disk used/free statistics, P2V, V2V, performing partial backups, cloning VMs, and much more. libguestfs can access nearly any type of filesystem including: all known types of Linux filesystem (ext2/3/4, XFS, btrfs, etc.), any Windows filesystem (VFAT and NTFS), any Mac OS X and BSD filesystems, LVM2 volumes, MBR and GPT disk partitions, raw disks, qcow2, CD and DVD ISO images, SD cards, and dozens more. libguestfs doesn't need root permissions.
Marathon is a GUI test tool that allows you to play and record scripts against a Java Swing UI. It's written in Java, and uses Python and Ruby as its scripting language (the emphasis being on an extremely simple, readable syntax that customers/testers/analysts feel comfortable with). Marathon includes a recorder, editor, player, and debugger to simplify working with test scripts.
Opdis is a wrapper for the libopcodes disassembler library distributed as part of GNU binutils. It extends the libopcodes library by offering linear and control-flow disassembly algorithms, instruction and operand objects that are suitable for analysis, and a command-line utility to perform disassembly on arbitrary locations in a file. The Opdis project consists of the libopdis library and the opdis command-line utility. There is a Ruby gem providing access to libopdis, and a supporting gem providing access to libbfd.
Scripturian is a compact library that makes it very easy to integrate JVM languages (which support JSR-223). It lets you embed "scriptlets" into text documents, in the style of PHP, JSP, and ASP. It also allows boot strap JVM applications using any of the supported languages, which makes it easy to quickly configure and make changes in how your applications start up without re-compilation.