nss-pam-ldapd is a Name Service Switch module and Pluggable Authentication Module using an LDAP server. It allows your LDAP server to provide user account, group, host name, alias, netgroup, and almost any other information that you would normally get from /etc flat files or NIS, and allows you to do authentication to an LDAP server.
Config::Model::OpenSsh is a graphical configuration editor for OpenSSH configuration files (e.g. /etc/ssh/sshd_config, /etc/ssh/ssh_config, or ~/.ssh/config). Other user interfaces (curses and terminal) are also available. Programmers can choose to use the Perl API to modify or validate OpenSSH configuration. This program is based on Config::Model.
Config::Model::TkUI provides a graphical interface to Config::Model. With this project, Config::Model, and a configuration model (like Config::Model::Xorg), a user gets a tool to edit configuration files. This configuration editing tool provides on-line help and validation of configuration data.
Augeas is a configuration API and editing tool. It parses common configuration files like /etc/hosts or /etc/grub.conf in their native formats and transforms them into a tree. Configuration changes are made by manipulating this tree and saving it back into native configuration files.
Config::Model::Itself provides a configuration model for Config::Model. In other words, the structure of a model specification is described in Config::Model::Itself so you can use the same user interface to edit configuration data (for instance Xorg configuration data from xorg.conf) and Xorg model (if you need to add new parameters in Xorg model). You can also create your own configuration model to get a configuration tool for your own application.
Pam_p11 is a pluggable authentication module (PAM) package for using cryptographic tokens such as smart cards and USB crypto tokens for authentication. Pam_p11 is very simple, as it has no config file, no options other than the PKCS#11 module file, and does not know about certificate chains, certificate authorities, revocation lists, or OCSP. There is one module that uses the $HOME/.eid/authorized_certificates file (like the old pam_opensc did) and one module that uses the $HOME/.ssh/authorized_keys file (like ssh does).
fakechroot provides a fake chroot environment to programs. A fake chroot allows you to run programs which require root privileges on an unprivileged user account. For example, you can create a Debian bootstrap or a development environment and build packages inside a chroot'ed system using a standard non-root user account. You can then use the apt-get command to install other packages without root privileges.