libguestfs is a set of tools for accessing and modifying virtual machine (VM) disk images. You can use this for viewing and editing files inside guests, scripting changes to VMs, monitoring disk used/free statistics, P2V, V2V, performing partial backups, cloning VMs, and much more. libguestfs can access nearly any type of filesystem including: all known types of Linux filesystem (ext2/3/4, XFS, btrfs, etc.), any Windows filesystem (VFAT and NTFS), any Mac OS X and BSD filesystems, LVM2 volumes, MBR and GPT disk partitions, raw disks, qcow2, CD and DVD ISO images, SD cards, and dozens more. libguestfs doesn't need root permissions.
SyncServer is a Firefox sync server written in Perl. Mozilla's Firefox sync server, which is written in Python, has many dependencies and is quite tricky to install on enterprise distributions which don't ship with all those requirements. This syncserver implements the syncserver user API and storage API as an fcgi application. It is entirely written in Perl.