Genius is an arbitrary precision integer and multiple precision floating point calculator. It includes its own programming language similar in some aspects to C, bc, or Pascal. It can deal with rational numbers and complex numbers. It has matrix support as well. It uses the gmp library so it is very fast for calculations of large numbers. It has a command line and a GNOME interface. The GNOME interface supports plotting functions and 3D surfaces.
Gaby is a small personal database manager using GTK+ and GNOME (if available) for its GUI. It was designed to provide straight-forward access to the types of databases a casual user would normally use, while keeping the ability to easily create databases for other needs. It was designed with extensibility in mind and relies heavily on plug-ins.
Gnumeric is a powerful and easy to use spreadsheet using GNOME. Its goal is to provide a full featured spreadsheet and a smooth migration path for people and organizations currently using proprietary applications. It provides more sheet functions and greatly improved accuracy when compared to Microsoft's Excel. A plugin system lets you extend Gnumeric, adding functions, I/O formats, and real time data capabilities. The existing Python, Guile, and Perl plugins let you define complex functions. Gnumeric is capable of reading and writing MS Excel (XLS and Office Open XML), and reading Lotus, Applix, Quattro Pro, OpenCalc (ODF), XBase, DIF, SYLK, HTML, Psion, MPS, oleo, sc, misc. text formats, and its native XML. It can also generate Latex, HTML, and others.
GdkRgb is a rewrite of the image rendering subsystem of Gtk+. Advantages over plain Gtk+ 1.0.x include higher speed, very smooth and pretty dithered modes, and support for more displays and visuals. It is currently checked into development versions of Gtk+ (and used in the development tree of the Gimp), but is also packaged separately for application authors who want to maintain Gtk 1.0.x compatibility. The programming interface is quite simple.
Dia is a program for creating diagrams of all kinds. The current version can do UML class diagrams, Entity-Relationship modeling, network diagrams, and much more. The engine is very flexible and dynamically loads diagram-types from disk. It stores diagrams in an XML format, but can read and write a number of different formats.