gvSIG is an easy to use Java desktop GIS. It has a friendly interface, and can access some popular formats (e.g. SHP, DGN, DXF, DWG, TIFF, JPEG, ECW, SID, etc). It will integrate in a single view both local vector and raster data, as well as remote data through WMS or WCS. It allows layout design for printing. It is meant for end-users of geographical information, and currently has Spanish, Valencian, English, and 6 more interfaces. It's designed to be easily extended.
Madagascar is a software package for multidimensional data analysis and reproducible computational experiments. Its mission is to provide a convenient and powerful environment and a convenient technology transfer tool for researchers working with digital image and data processing in geophysics and related fields. Technology developed using the Madagascar project management system is transferred in the form of recorded processing histories, which become "computational recipes" to be verified, exchanged, and modified by users of the system.
Viking is a GTK2-based GPS data editor and viewer. It can download and show OpenStreetMaps, Terraserver, and other maps, import and draw tracks and waypoints over them, add coordinate lines, make new tracks and waypoints, hide different things, and more. It uses a hierarchical layering system to organize GPS data, maps, and other layer types with spatial data (such as coordinate lines).
GeoServer is a software server that allows users to share and edit geospatial data. Designed for interoperability, it publishes data from any major spatial data source using open standards. GeoServer is the reference implementation of the Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) Web Feature Service (WFS) and Web Coverage Service (WCS) standards, as well as a high performance certified compliant Web Map Service (WMS). GeoServer forms a core component of the Geospatial Web.
ESMF is software for building and coupling weather, climate, and related models. The premise is that complicated applications should be broken up into smaller pieces, or components. A component is a unit of software composition that has a coherent function, and a standard calling interface and behavior. Components can be assembled to create multiple applications, and different implementations of a component may be available.
Mapx is a coordinate transformation library developed at National Snow and Ice Data Center (NSIDC). It was initially developed from equations given by Snyder (1982). Additional projections have been added as needed. The C version currently supports 11 common projections, in both spherical and ellipsoid forms when appropriate. The Java version lags behind somewhat and currently supports nine common projections, in both spherical and ellipsoid forms when appropriate.
GRASS (the Geographic Resources Analysis Support System) is a software raster- and vector-based GIS (Geographic Information System), image processing system, graphics production system, and spatial modeling system. It contains many modules for raster data manipulation, vector data manipulation, rendering images on the monitor or paper, multispectral image geocoding and processing, point data management and general data management. It also has tools for interfacing with digitizers, scanners, and the PostgreSQL, DBF, and ODBC connected databases. GRASS operates on all common operating systems.