Audacity is a cross-platform multitrack audio editor. It allows you to record sounds directly or to import Ogg, WAV, AIFF, AU, IRCAM, or MP3 files. It features a few simple effects, all of the editing features you should need, and unlimited undo. The audio I/O uses PortAudio, which fully supports OSS, Mac OS X CoreAudio, and Windows WMME, and can be compiled with support for ALSA and Jack.
Music Player Daemon (MPD) is a server that allows remote access for playing music in various formats and managing playlists. It makes a great desktop player with frontend options (Qt, GTK, ncurses, Windows, and Web clients are available). It is also appropriate as a console player that is scriptable, and is especially useful if X is restarted frequently. A set of rapid development tools for clients are being developed and include a C library, Python module, PHP class, Perl module, and Java Class. The goals are to be easy to install and use, to have minimal resource requirements, to be stable and flexible, and easy to interface.
Goggles Music Manager is a music collection manager and player that automatically categorizes Ogg Vorbis, FLAC, MP3, MP4, ASF, and Musepack files based on genre, artist, album, and song. It supports gapless playback, features easy tag editing, and allows scrobbling tracks to last-fm.
MOC (music on console) is a console audio player with a simple ncurses interface in playmp3list style. It supports MP3 (with ID3 tag, VBR, and Xing headers), Ogg, FLAC, WAVE, Musepack, Speex, WMA, MP4, AAC, and some other less popular audio formats. Playlists can be saved and loaded using .m3u files (PLS version 2 can also be loaded). Internet streams (Shoutcast, Icecast) are supported. It achieves gapless playback by employing an output buffer in a separate thread and file pre-caching. The key mapping can be fully customized. The interface can be detached from the server as it plays in the background.
mpg321 is a Free clone of mpg123, a command-line MP3 player. It is designed to be a drop-in replacement for mpg123, and therefore its interface has been designed around that of mpg123, without using any of its code. mpg321 has been designed for use with frontends such as gqmpeg, although it is just as useful on the command-line. Unlike mpg123, it supports ESD and ALSA output without recompiling, and it does all MP3 decoding with only fixed-point math by using the mad MPEG audio decoder library.
Mp3blaster is an interactive text-based program that plays several audio file types (MP3, Ogg Vorbis, wav, and sid). It is one of the few audio players for the text console that allows full interactive control during playback. One of its key features is the ability to compose a very flexible playlist (while playing!). It plays most MP3 formats and has full mixer support built in.
Cajun is a program that allows you to turn any computer into a massive audio jukebox for your car or home. It uses LCD displays/keypads, and supports infrared remote controls. Soundcard output is delivered to your (car or home) stereo for amplification. The software supports a playlist and shuffle mode.