Audacity is a cross-platform multitrack audio editor. It allows you to record sounds directly or to import Ogg, WAV, AIFF, AU, IRCAM, or MP3 files. It features a few simple effects, all of the editing features you should need, and unlimited undo. The audio I/O uses PortAudio, which fully supports OSS, Mac OS X CoreAudio, and Windows WMME, and can be compiled with support for ALSA and Jack.
Cajun is a program that allows you to turn any computer into a massive audio jukebox for your car or home. It uses LCD displays/keypads, and supports infrared remote controls. Soundcard output is delivered to your (car or home) stereo for amplification. The software supports a playlist and shuffle mode.
MoosicApplet is a GNOME panel applet which displays the current status of the Moosic jukebox server. It also provides some basic features for controlling the song player. It features a configurable layout and the ability to rewrite the song name in various ways to make it easier to read.
Mr. Voice is a specific-purpose Perl/Tk front-end for an MP3 database. It was written to provide an easy-to-use MP3 solution for the production booth of an improv comedy troupe, and as such is tailored to providing quick searches and playback of MP3s that are split up into categories. While not intended to be a standalone desktop MP3 player, others in a similar situation may find it useful.
Music Player Daemon (MPD) is a server that allows remote access for playing music in various formats and managing playlists. It makes a great desktop player with frontend options (Qt, GTK, ncurses, Windows, and Web clients are available). It is also appropriate as a console player that is scriptable, and is especially useful if X is restarted frequently. A set of rapid development tools for clients are being developed and include a C library, Python module, PHP class, Perl module, and Java Class. The goals are to be easy to install and use, to have minimal resource requirements, to be stable and flexible, and easy to interface.