HEALPix is a set of scientific tools implementing the Hierarchical Equal Area isoLatitude Pixelation of the sphere. As suggested in the name, this pixelation produces a subdivision of a spherical surface in which every single pixel covers the same surface area. HEALPix provides various programs and libraries in C, C++, Fortran, GDL/IDL, Java, and Python which facilitate discretization, simulation, processing, analysis, and visualization of data on the sphere up to very high resolution. It is the state-of-the-art program used in astronomy and cosmology to deal with massive full-sky data sets.
librsb is a library for sparse matrix computations featuring the Recursive Sparse Blocks (RSB) matrix format. This format allows cache-efficient and multithreaded (that is, shared memory parallel) operations on large sparse matrices. The most common operations necessary to iterative solvers are available (matrix-vector multiplication, triangular solution, rows/columns scaling, diagonal extraction/setting, blocks extraction, norm computation, formats conversion). The RSB format is especially well-suited for symmetric and transposed multiplication variants. On these variants, librsb has been found to be faster than Intel MKL's implementation for CSR. Most numerical kernels code is auto-generated, and the supported numerical types can be chosen by the user at buildtime. librsb implements the Sparse BLAS standard, as specified in the BLAS Forum documents.
WCSLIB is a C library, supplied with a full set of Fortran wrappers, which implements the "World Coordinate System" (WCS) standard in FITS (Flexible Image Transport System). It also includes a PGPLOT-based routine, PGSBOX, for drawing general curvilinear coordinate graticules, and a number of utility programs. The FITS "World Coordinate System" (WCS) convention defines keywords and usage which provide descriptions of astronomical coordinate systems in a FITS image header.
astroPluto is modular Godunov-type code intended mainly for astrophysical applications and high Mach number flows in multiple spatial dimensions. The code embeds different hydrodynamic modules and multiple algorithms to solve the equations describing Newtonian, relativistic, MHD, or relativistic MHD fluids in Cartesian or curvilinear coordinates.
The SLATEC Common Mathematical Library is a widely used, authoritative collection of general purpose mathematical and statistical routines written in FORTRAN77. slatec4gfortran is a binary and source distribution for the gfortran compiler. It is intended as a replacement for the outdated Linux port in the official distribution.
The 2DECOMP&FFT library is a software framework in Fortran to build large-scale parallel applications. It is designed for applications using three-dimensional structured mesh and spatially implicit numerical algorithms. At the foundation, it implements a general-purpose 2D pencil decomposition for data distribution on distributed-memory platforms. On top, it provides a highly scalable and efficient interface to perform three-dimensional distributed FFTs.