LAM/MPI is an implementation of the Message Passing Interface (MPI) parallel standard that is especially friendly to clusters. It includes a persistent runtime environment for parallel programs, support for all of MPI-1, and a good chunk of MPI-2, such as all of the dynamic functions, one-way communication, C++ bindings, and MPI-IO.
PLplot is a library of C functions that are useful for making scientific plots from programs written in a wide variety of languages. It can be used to create standard x-y plots, semi-log plots, log-log plots, contour plots, 3D plots, shade (gray-scale and color) plots, mesh plots, bar charts, and pie charts. Multiple graphs may be placed on a single page with multiple lines in each graph. Different line styles, widths, and colors are supported. A virtually infinite number of distinct area fill patterns may be used. A variety of output devices and file formats are supported.
The FLASH code is a modular, adaptive, parallel simulation code capable of handling general compressible flow problems in astrophysical environments. It has been designed to allow users to configure initial and boundary conditions, change algorithms, and add new physical effects with minimal effort. It uses the PARAMESH library to manage a block-structured adaptive grid, placing resolution elements only where they are needed most. It uses the Message-Passing Interface (MPI) library to achieve portability and scalability on a variety of different message-passing parallel computers.
The Chombo package provides a set of tools for implementing finite difference methods for the solution of partial differential equations on block-structured adaptively refined rectangular grids. Both elliptic and time-dependent modules are included. Support for parallel platforms and standardized self-describing file formats are included.
Written with the noweb literate programming tool, BaseEncode provides a framework for portable encoding and decoding of data in text files, somewhat similar to uuencoded arithmetic coding. By using statistical knowledge, some amount of compression can also be achieved. The algorithm is designed to be highly portable: only 16-bit signed integers are assumed. Output comes in the form of a Fortran-90 module, but translation to other languages is trivial.
NOVAS (Naval Observatory Vector Astrometry Subroutines) is an integrated package of subroutines for the computation of a wide variety of common astrometric quantities and transformations. It can provide the instantaneous coordinates (apparent, topocentric, or astrometric place) of any star or planet, and also provides general astrometric utility transformations, such as those for precession, nutation, aberration, parallax, etc. It is useful for data reduction programs, telescope control systems, and simulations.
xd3d is a simple scientific visualization tool designed to be easy to learn. It can plot 2D and 3D meshes, with shadowing, contour plots, vector fields, iso-contour (3D), as well as 3D surfaces z=f(x,y) defined by an algebraic expression or a cloud of points. It generates high-quality vector PostScript files for scientific publications and still or animated bitmap images. The distribution includes the graph plotter, xgraphic.