Lynis is an auditing and hardening tool for Unix derivatives like Linux/BSD/Solaris. It scans systems to detect software and security issues. Besides security-related information, it will also scan for general system information, installed packages, and possible configuration mistakes. The software is aimed at assisting automated auditing, software patch management, and vulnerability and malware scanning of Unix-based systems.
PTK is an alternative advanced interface for the TSK (The Sleuth Kit) suite. It was developed from scratch. Besides providing the functions already present in Autopsy, it implements numerous new features essential during forensic activity. PTK provides a graphical and highly professional interface based on AJAX technology. It also offers a great deal of features like analysis, search, and management of complex cases of digital investigation.
Xtract attempts to demonstrate how Wireshark's powerful network traffic analysis capabilities can be combined with the file carving capabilities of programs such as Foremost and NetworkMiner in a manner that is portable and extensible (hence the choice of Perl). Specifically, it offers: automated extraction of network stream sessions; visualization of networks via GraphViz; and integration of file carving capability. The scripts are intended as a proof-of-concept for how tedious tasks of reassembling TCP/UDP streams from network capture files and file carving based on these streams can be automated.
The RegLookup project is devoted to direct analysis of Windows NT-based registry files. RegLookup provides command line tools, a C API, and a Python module for accessing registry data structures. The project has a focus on providing tools for digital forensic examiners (though it is useful for many purposes), and includes algorithms for retrieving deleted data structures from registry hives.
FCCU GNU/Linux Forensic Bootable CD is a bootable CD based on Debian-live that contains a lot of tools suitable for computer forensic investigations, including bash scripts. Its main purpose is to create images of devices prior to analysis, and it is used by the Belgian Federal Computer Crime Unit.
mbrChunker is a utility that allows you to mount raw disk images (created by dd, dcfldd, dc3dd, ftk imager, etc.) and create VMDK files. It does this by taking the raw image, analyzing the master boot record (physical sector 0), and getting specific information that is need to create a working VMDK file that points to your raw image. It can also extract information such as heads, cylinders, and sectors per track. With version 0.3.15, the tool now has the ability to search for hex byte offsets within any binary file. It will give you the byte location for every hex pattern found. More information about this can be found in the README.
CarvFS is a user space FUSE filesystem aimed at computer forensic tools that process disk and/or memory dump images or other large data files. The filesystem allows CarvPath-aware tools to use CarvPath annotations as a way to designate partitions, files, alternate streams, processes etc. within a disk or memory image as a string, making them available trough the filesystem as a pseudo file that can be handed to other tools. This removes the need to copy the information out of the disk image and reduces storage requirements.
A 'honeypot' is designed to detect server-side attacks. In contrast, a 'honeyclient' is designed to detect client-side attacks. Specifically, a honeyclient is a dedicated host that drives specially instrumented applications to access remote servers to see if those servers are behaving in a malicious manner (by compromising the client). Honeyclients can proactively detect exploits against client applications without known signatures. This framework uses a client-server model with SOAP messaging as the primary communication method, and uses the free version of VMware Server as a means of virtualizing the client environment.