cz2cz tools is software for converting texts between various charset encodings that are used in the Czech language. The most important feature is autodetection of the most-used encodings (UTF-8, ISO-8859-2, Win-1250, cp850, and Kamenickych). There are both console non-interactive (text-based) and interactive (curses) applications. cz2cz also allows you to convert characters with diacritics to TeX (LaTeX) conventions. The interactive part of cz2cz tools can be used for quick manual complementing of diacritics to texts.
reversible hexdump is a hexdump/hex2bin-toolkit that dumps to a special readable and reversible hexadecimal byte-dump, where you can not only change bytes, but also insert or delete bytes. It has a flush-switch, where it will output hexbytes for each single char it reads. This is especially useful (imho) for watching output from slow devices (e.g., serial devices like mice). The hex2bin-utility (the reverse-hexdump) not only accepts hexbytes for input, but also double-quoted strings with most of the escape-chars known from C and makes good attempts at undumping even hexdumps with repetition-lines (a "*" on its own line). It's written in ANSI C.
getmail is intended as a simple, secure, and reliable replacement for fetchmail. It retrieves email (either all messages, or only unread messages) from one or more POP3, SPDS, or IMAP4 servers (with or without SSL) for one or more email accounts, and reliably delivers into qmail-style Maildirs, mboxrd files, or through external MDAs (command deliveries) specified on a per-account basis. getmail also has excellent support for domain (multidrop) mailboxes, including delivering messages to different users or destinations based on the envelope recipient address.
John the Ripper is a fast password cracker, currently available for many flavors of Unix, Windows, DOS, BeOS, and OpenVMS. Its primary purpose is to detect weak Unix passwords. It supports several crypt(3) password hash types commonly found on Unix systems, as well as Windows LM hashes. On top of this, lots of other hashes and ciphers are added in the community-enhanced version (-jumbo), and some are added in John the Ripper Pro.