fio is an I/O tool meant to be used both for benchmark and stress/hardware verification. It has support for 13 different types of I/O engines (sync, mmap, libaio, posixaio, SG v3, splice, null, network, syslet, guasi, solarisaio, and more), I/O priorities (for newer Linux kernels), rate I/O, forked or threaded jobs, and much more. It can work on block devices as well as files. fio accepts job descriptions in a simple-to-understand text format. Several example job files are included. fio displays all sorts of I/O performance information, including complete IO latencies and percentiles. Fio is in wide use in many places, for both benchmarking, QA, and verification purposes. It supports Linux, FreeBSD, NetBSD, OS X, OpenSolaris, AIX, HP-UX, and Windows.
libguestfs is a set of tools for accessing and modifying virtual machine (VM) disk images. You can use this for viewing and editing files inside guests, scripting changes to VMs, monitoring disk used/free statistics, P2V, V2V, performing partial backups, cloning VMs, and much more. libguestfs can access nearly any type of filesystem including: all known types of Linux filesystem (ext2/3/4, XFS, btrfs, etc.), any Windows filesystem (VFAT and NTFS), any Mac OS X and BSD filesystems, LVM2 volumes, MBR and GPT disk partitions, raw disks, qcow2, CD and DVD ISO images, SD cards, and dozens more. libguestfs doesn't need root permissions.
Einarc is a unified storage RAID command line interface and an API that provides management for various hardware/software RAID devices, uniting them all in a single paradigm. Einarc works as a translator that makes it possible for a user to control all these devices using simple terms like "physical disc", "logical disc", "adapter", etc., while transparently converting these requests to proprietary RAID paradigms.
Laptop Mode Tools allows you to control various power management settings based on AC/battery power state. Among other things, it controls Linux's "Laptop Mode" feature that allows your hard drive to spin down for extended periods. It can also control CPU frequency scaling and screen blanking timeouts (both terminal and X). It supports automatic hibernation when battery is low.
Ceph is a distributed network file system designed to provide excellent performance, reliability, and scalability (from terabytes to exabytes). Data is stored in the form of "objects" (variable length, named chunks of data) in a distributed and fault tolerant cluster of OSDs (object storage devices--servers running the Ceph OSD daemon). Metadata (the file system namespace) is managed by an independent cluster of metadata servers (MDSs), which dynamically repartitions the directory hierarchy in response to the current workload.