nget is a commandline NNTP file grabber. It automatically pieces together multipart postings for easy retrieval, even substituting parts from multiple servers and newsgroups. It handles disconnects gracefully, resuming after the last part successfully downloaded, and caching of header data for quick access. It automatically downloads only as many par/par2 files as needed.
zfec is a fast, portable, and programmable implementation of erasure coding. It includes a C library, a Python library, and a command-line tool. Erasure coding is also known as "forward error correction", which is the generation of redundant blocks of information such that if some blocks are lost then the original data can be recovered from the remaining blocks. The RAID-5 algorithm is an erasure code, but while RAID-5 can recover from the loss of any one element, zfec can be parameterized to choose in advance the number of elements whose loss it can tolerate.