Bitcoin is a peer-to-peer electronic cash system that is completely decentralized, without the need for a central server or trusted parties. Users hold the crypto keys to their own money and transact directly with each other, with the help of a P2P network to check for double-spending.
Wayland is a protocol for a compositor to talk to its clients, as well as a C library implementation of that protocol. The compositor can be a standalone display server running on Linux kernel modesetting and evdev input devices, an X application, or a wayland client itself. The clients can be traditional applications, X servers (rootless or fullscreen), or other display servers.
pyReScene is a tool that recreates original RARs by backing up the metadata. It is a port of ReScene .NET to Python. It provides a mechanism for backing up and restoring the metadata from "scene" released RAR files. RAR archive volumes are rebuilt using the stored metadata in the SRR file and the files extracted from the RAR archive. pyReScene consists of multiple related tools: pyReScene Auto to create a complete SRR with one simple command, pyReSample to recreate sample files, and pyReScene Usenet to create SRR files on the fly from Usenet postings. Lots of other small scripts for managing SRR and SRS files are available too.
Backshift is a deduplicating (variable-sized, content-based blocks), compressing (xz or bz2) backup program. Full saves and incrementals are pretty indistinct other than the amount of data transmitted, somewhat like with "rsync --link-dest" but without the huge number of hardlinks. It also de-duplicates large file content at a granularity of about 2 megabytes on average; there tends to be a unique copy of each file with size less than around 2 megabytes on average.
nyu is a combination of modern academic approaches to parsing formal grammars from PEGs and expression grammars that represents the new state of the art in parser generators. nyu grammars are written in a powerful language based on PEGs (parsing expression grammars) but with modifications to allow both the AST and the parser to be specified intuitively in a single grammar. nyu outputs parsers that take advantage of the chilon::parser meta-programming library for C++. The generated parsers are almost as concise and readable as the input grammars, yet perform as well as hand-written C code. nyu ASTs are built using tuples, variant types, and lists, and allow self referential parsers and AST nodes to be manipulated. Advanced features such as hashed containers and grammar inheritance are also possible and well tested. nyu is currently powerful enough to deal with complex grammars and bootstraps its own parser.
chilon::parser provides an extended PEG-like language using C++0x template meta-programming. This PEG-based language has been extended to support AST building features directly embedded into the type system. chilon::parser uses the input PEG to create the AST type at compile time using tuples, vectors, variants, custom classes, ranges, and primitive types. The AST is populated by parsers generated from the same type description at run-time.