spim is a self-contained software simulator for running R2000/R3000 assembly language programs. It reads and can immediately execute files containing assembly language code. spim also provides a debugger and simple set of operating system services. spim provides both a simple, textual interface and a fancier, graphical interface. The package includes complete source code and documentation.
Wine is an implementation of the Windows API on top of X and Unix. It does not require Microsoft Windows, but can use native Windows DLLs if they are available. It provides both a development toolkit for porting Windows source code to Unix as well as a program loader, allowing many unmodified Windows programs to run on x86-based Unixes.
LibDsk is a library that attempts to create uniform functions for accessing floppy drives, raw "dd" disk images, and disk image files in various emulator formats. Its intended use is for emulator authors; it also includes some sample tools to read sectors from discs in CP/M, DOS, and Acorn formats. There is special-case code for direct access to the floppy controller under Linux, and to access the floppy driver under Windows. Java (JNI) bindings are included.
XRoar is a cross-platform emulator for the Dragon 32, Dragon 64, and Tandy CoCo computers, all originally released in the early '80s. The emulator runs under Unix-like operating systems (including Mac OS X) and Windows, with older versions available for handhelds like the Nintendo DS and GP32.
MDK (MIX Development Kit) provides tools for developing and executing, in a MIX virtual machine, MIXAL programs. The MIX is Donald Knuth's mythical computer, described in the first volume of The Art of Computer Programming, which is programmed using MIXAL, the MIX assembly language. MDK includes a MIXAL assembler (mixasm), a MIX virtual machine (mixvm) with a command line interface, a Guile-based virtual machine (mixguile), a GTK+ based GUI (gmixvm), and a mixvm-Emacs interface (mixvm.el). MDK utilities are extensible using Scheme.