GNU TeXmacs is a free wysiwyw (what you see is what you want) editing platform with special features for scientists. The software aims to provide a unified and user friendly framework for editing structured documents with different types of content: text, mathematics, graphics, interactive content. TeXmacs can also be used as an interface to many external systems for computer algebra, numerical analysis, and statistics. New presentation styles can be written by the user and new features can be added to the editor using Scheme.
XEmacs (formerly known as Lucid Emacs) is a powerful, extensible text editor with full GUI support, initially based on an early version of GNU Emacs 19 from the Free Software Foundation and since kept up to ate with recent versions of that product. XEmacs stems from a collaboration of Lucid, Inc. with Sun Microsystems, Inc. and the University of Illinois with additional support having been provided by Amdahl Corporation, INS Engineering Corporation, and a huge amount of volunteer effort.
Aquamacs is a Mac-like version of the powerful Emacs text editor that runs as a standard OS X application. It features extensive customization that enables it to conform better with Apple's standard Human Interface Guidelines (HIG) than standard versions of the editor do. It provides a more Mac-like user experience than Carbon Emacs.
ECB is a source code browser for (x)emacs. It displays a couple of windows that can be used to browse directories, files, and file contents like methods and variables. It supports source code parsing for languages like Java, C, C++, Elisp, Scheme, Perl, TeX, LaTeX, etc. In addition, it offers an (optional) permanent "compile window" at the bottom of the emacs frame, which is used to display all help and compile output. The rest of the frame is called the "edit area", which can be divided into several edit windows that are used for editing the sources. Deleting some of the edit windows neither destroys the compile window nor the browsing windows. It requires the CEDET suite.
MIT/GNU Scheme is an implementation of the Scheme programming language, providing an interpreter, compiler, source-code debugger, integrated Emacs-like editor, and a large runtime library. MIT/GNU Scheme is best suited to programming large applications with a rapid development cycle. Recent versions of the system are supported on the following platforms: GNU/Linux, *BSD, OS/2, and Windows.
CMUCL is a free, high performance implementation of the Common Lisp programming language which runs on most major Unix platforms. It mainly conforms to the ANSI Common Lisp standard. CMUCL provides a sophisticated native code compiler; a powerful foreign function interface; an implementation of CLOS; the Common Lisp Object System; which includes multimethods and a metaobject protocol; a source-level debugger and code profiler; and an Emacs-like editor implemented in Common Lisp. CMUCL is maintained by a team of volunteers collaborating over the Internet, and is mostly in the public domain.
cspot is a semantic annotator designed only for the C programming language. It is quite similar to cscope, but some more functionality. It can be used to find the declarations, definitions, and usages of functions, variables, macros, typedefs, and structs. It can also find visible identifiers at some position in the source, functions called by a function, global variables used by a function, usages of local variable declarations, unused global variables, unused function definitions, and more. Because it uses sparse, cspot knows more about semantics than cscope.