CGILua is a tool for developing dynamic HTML pages and manipulating input data from forms. It uses the interpreted language Lua for codifying its scripts. It has been on the road for almost 8 years now, being used in many Web products and sites. It is extensible through Lua libraries and dynamic loading of C/C++ libraries. Scripts can be written as Lua programs or HTML templates (HTML with Lua code embedded). Scripts are platform-independent.
Sputnik is a content management system (CMS) designed for extensibility. It works as a wiki out of the box, but can be extended into other things. It offers editable nodes, history and diff, user accounts with optional email validation, a flexible permission system, RSS feeds, and more. Sputnik supports access control and has editable templates. It can be used to maintain a personal Web site that doesn't look like a wiki and that only you can edit. Sputnik is easy to install on shared hosting without root accounts.