Dar is a shell command that makes backup of a directory tree and files. Its features include splitting archives over several files, DVD, CD, ZIP, or floppies, compression, full or differential backups, strong encryption, proper saving and restoration of hard links, extended attributes, file forks, Door inodes, and sparse files, remote backup using pipes and external commands (such as ssh), and rearrangement of the "slices" of an existing archive. It can run commands between slices, before and after saving some defined files or directories (for a proper database backup, for example), and quickly retrieve individual files from differential and full backups. Several external GUIs exist as alternatives to its CLI interface, like kdar, DarGUI, SaraB, etc.
libburnia is a project comprised of libraries and binaries for reading, mastering, and writing optical discs. It provides libburn, a CD/DVD/BD burn library, libisofs, a manipulation library for ISO 9660 filesystems, and libisoburn, a ISO 9660 multi-session library. On top of them there is cdrskin, a cdrecord emulator, and xorriso, a all-in-one application for ISO 9660 multi-session operations which additionaly provides a limited emulation of mkisofs.
Fairmount mounts the contents of a video DVD on a Mac OS X machine as though it were normal filesystem. It is so named because it enables fair use of the content. It does not itself supply DVD reading code, but instead requires that a DVD library from videolan.org be installed separately. Fairmount was originally developed by Metakine and released under the GPL, but they have ceased to develop or distribute it. This version is a fork of their original code.
dvd-slideshow makes a video slideshow with from a batch of pictures. The output can be in FLV, MP4, or DVD format. It consists of a set of scripts: dvd-slideshow reads a text file list of all the pictures you want in one slideshow and creates a movie with your audio tracks and specified timing. It supports effects such as fades, crops, and the Ken Burns effect. dvd-menu makes a top-level DVD menu with the output files from dvd-slideshow. dir2slideshow makes a dvd-slideshow input file from a directory of pictures. gallery2slideshow makes the input file from your Gallery album. The output is fed through dvdauthor to create DVDs.
K9Copy facilitates several methods for backing up a DVD. The software enables direct backup of a single layer DVD-5, provided the user's computer has a DVD recorder. Likewise, direct backup of a dual layer DVD-9 is possible with a dual layer DVD recorder. K9Copy is also able to fit the contents of a dual layer DVD-9 onto a single layer DVD-5. The interface allows a user to explicitly retain or discard any content from the original disc such as video titles, audio tracks, subtitles, and the DVD menu. All content selected for backup is compressed to a configurable target size (4400 MB by default) and stored on the user's hard drive as either an ISO image file or a DVD VIDEO_TS folder. K9Copy can either transfer the backup data to blank DVD±R media or utilize external DVD authoring software such as K3b for this task. Furthermore, an ISO image file produced by K9Copy can be recorded to DVD by any software on any platform capable of recording ISO images to disc. It can also back up a DVD to a video file (such as MPEG-4).
TeachToPod is a set of shell scripts for ripping DVDs from The Teaching Company to produce either video files (m4v) or audio files (mp3) for playback on an iPod. Metadata such as lecture titles are automatically scraped from the Web and added to the output files. Operation of the scripts is almost automatic, and from the operator's viewpoint requires merely physical insertion and removal of the DVDs. Presently, the scripts are optimized for iPod Classic and have only been tested on Ubuntu 10.10.
BurnerOnFire is a multi-threaded program that can write the same content to multiple CD/DVD burners simultaneously. It is currently developed and tested only on Debian and only supports content in the form of ISO files. It uses D-Bus/HAL specification to interact with hardware. It spawns subprocesses that wrap around the command line program Wodim. BurnerOnFire has both CLI and GUI (GTK+) interfaces.
MakeMKV is a one-click solution to convert video from DVD or Blu-ray discs into MKV, which is a free and patent-unencumbered format that can be played everywhere. MakeMKV is a format converter or "transcoder". The only thing it does is convert video clips from a (usually encrypted) disc into a set of MKV files, preserving most information but not changing it in any way. The MKV format can store multiple video and audio tracks with all meta-information and preserve chapters.