Dar is a shell command that makes backup of a directory tree and files. Its features include splitting archives over several files, DVD, CD, ZIP, or floppies, compression, full or differential backups, strong encryption, proper saving and restoration of hard links, extended attributes, file forks, Door inodes, and sparse files, remote backup using pipes and external commands (such as ssh), and rearrangement of the "slices" of an existing archive. It can run commands between slices, before and after saving some defined files or directories (for a proper database backup, for example), and quickly retrieve individual files from differential and full backups. Several external GUIs exist as alternatives to its CLI interface, like kdar, DarGUI, SaraB, etc.
libburnia is a project comprised of libraries and binaries for reading, mastering, and writing optical discs. It provides libburn, a CD/DVD/BD burn library, libisofs, a manipulation library for ISO 9660 filesystems, and libisoburn, a ISO 9660 multi-session library. On top of them there is cdrskin, a cdrecord emulator, and xorriso, a all-in-one application for ISO 9660 multi-session operations which additionaly provides a limited emulation of mkisofs.
MakeMKV is a one-click solution to convert video from DVD or Blu-ray discs into MKV, which is a free and patent-unencumbered format that can be played everywhere. MakeMKV is a format converter or "transcoder". The only thing it does is convert video clips from a (usually encrypted) disc into a set of MKV files, preserving most information but not changing it in any way. The MKV format can store multiple video and audio tracks with all meta-information and preserve chapters.
BurnerOnFire is a multi-threaded program that can write the same content to multiple CD/DVD burners simultaneously. It is currently developed and tested only on Debian and only supports content in the form of ISO files. It uses D-Bus/HAL specification to interact with hardware. It spawns subprocesses that wrap around the command line program Wodim. BurnerOnFire has both CLI and GUI (GTK+) interfaces.
TeachToPod is a set of shell scripts for ripping DVDs from The Teaching Company to produce either video files (m4v) or audio files (mp3) for playback on an iPod. Metadata such as lecture titles are automatically scraped from the Web and added to the output files. Operation of the scripts is almost automatic, and from the operator's viewpoint requires merely physical insertion and removal of the DVDs. Presently, the scripts are optimized for iPod Classic and have only been tested on Ubuntu 10.10.
Fairmount mounts the contents of a video DVD on a Mac OS X machine as though it were normal filesystem. It is so named because it enables fair use of the content. It does not itself supply DVD reading code, but instead requires that a DVD library from videolan.org be installed separately. Fairmount was originally developed by Metakine and released under the GPL, but they have ceased to develop or distribute it. This version is a fork of their original code.