VLC media player is a multimedia player, framework, streamer, and encoder. It can play inputs like files, network streams, DVDs, audio CDs, Blu-Rays, capture devices, and screens. It can play most audio and video codecs and formats (MPEG 1/2/4, H264, VC-1, DivX, WMV, Vorbis, AC3, AAC, MKV, etc.), but can also be used to convert to different formats and/or send streams through the network.
MPlayer is a movie and animation player that supports a wide range of codecs and file formats, including MPEG 1/2/4, DivX 3/4/5, Windows Media 7/8/9, RealAudio/Video up to 9, Quicktime 5/6, and Vivo 1/2. It has many MMX/SSE(2)/3Dnow(Ex) optimized native audio and video codecs, but allows using XAnim's and RealPlayer's binary codec plugins, and Win32 codec DLLs. It has basic VCD/DVD playback functionality, including DVD subtitles, but supports many text-based subtitle formats too. For video output, nearly every existing interface is supported. It's also able to convert any supported files to raw/divx/mpeg4 AVI (pcm/mp3 audio), and even video grabbing from V4L devices.
xine is a free multimedia player. It plays back CDs, DVDs, and VCDs. It also decodes multimedia files like AVI, MOV, WMV, and MP3 from local disk drives, and displays multimedia streamed over the Internet. It interprets many of the most common multimedia formats available--and some of the most uncommon formats, too. All those features come in a reusable library (xine-lib) which can easily be embedded in your applications.
XMovie is a multimedia player for high quality Quicktime, MPEG, and DVD movies that supports 6 channel audio. The Quicktime decoder reads OpenDivx, assorted YUV formats, JPEG photo, MJPA, RGB, DV, IMA4, ULAW, Vorbis, and PCM codecs. The MPEG decoder reads MPEG-1 video, MPEG-2 video, MPEG-1 system streams, MPEG-2 system streams, VOB files, IFO files, MP2 and MP3 audio, and AC3 audio.
Hasciicam makes it possible to have live ASCII video on the Web. It captures video from a TV card and renders it into ASCII, formatting the output into an HTML page with a refresh tag or in a live ASCII window or in a simple text file as well, giving anyone that has a bttv card, a Linux box, and a cheap modem line the ability to show a live asciivideo feed that can be browsable without any need for a plugin, Java, etc.
Mjpeg tools is a suite of programs which support video capture, basic editing, playback, and compression to MPEG-1/2 of MJPEG video. The capture software allows MJPEG video streams in AVI, Quicktime, and movtar format to be produced using the Iomega Buz, Miro DC10+, Matrox Marvel, and similar hardware. The editing and playback tools are hardware independent, with support for hardware accelerated playback if present. The MPEG compression tools are based on MPEG Software Simulation Group's reference encoder with enhancements to provide far faster compression and significant quality improvements.
DirectFB is a thin library that provides developers with hardware graphics acceleration, input device handling and abstraction, an integrated windowing system with support for translucent windows and multiple display layers on top of the Linux framebuffer device. It is a complete hardware abstraction layer with software fallbacks for every graphics operation that is not supported by the underlying hardware.