Tin Hat is a Linux distribution derived from hardened Gentoo. It aims to provide a very secure, stable, and fast desktop environment that lives purely in RAM. Tin Hat boots from CD, or optionally USB pen drive, but it is not a LiveCD in that it does not mount any file system from the boot device. Rather, Tin Hat employs a massive squashfs image which expands into tmpfs upon booting. This makes for long boot times, but remarkable speeds during human-computer interaction.
A reasonable way to achieve a long term backup of OpenPGP (GnuPG, PGP, etc) keys is to print them out on paper. Due to metadata and redundancy, OpenPGP secret keys are significantly larger than just the "secret bits". In fact, the secret key contains a complete copy of the public key. Since the public key generally doesn't need to be backed up in this way (most people have many copies of it on various keyservers, Web pages, etc), only extracting the secret parts can be a real advantage. Paperkey extracts just those secret bytes and prints them. To reconstruct, you re-enter those bytes (whether by hand or via OCR), and paperkey can use them to transform your existing public key into a secret key.
Multiple Eyepairs Only is a project to define a file format and to provide tools to use cryptography for things like four-eyes principles. The key idea is this: if information should only be accessible to a group of people together, with the additional possibility to have some redundancy in participants, then MEO is for you.
Industria is a collection of portable R6RS Scheme libraries for cryptography (AES, DES, Blowfish, HMAC, MD5, SHA-1, SHA-2, RSA, DSA, etc.), zip/gzip/zlib decompression, disassembly of amd64 machine code, Off-The-Record messaging, bytevector pack/unpack syntax, TLS connections via custom binary ports, and more.
Libgcrypt is a general-purpose cryptographic library based on the code from GnuPG. It provides functions for all cryptographic building blocks: symmetric ciphers (AES, DES, Blowfish, CAST5, Twofish, and Arcfour), hash algorithms (MD4, MD5, RIPE-MD160, SHA-1, and TIGER-192), MACs (HMAC for all hash algorithms), public key algorithms (RSA, ElGamal, and DSA), large integer functions, random numbers, and a lot of supporting functions.
Wisecracker is a high performance distributed cryptanalysis framework that leverages GPUs and multiple CPUs. It allows security researchers to write their own cryptanalysis tools that can distribute brute-force cryptanalysis work across multiple systems with multiple multi-core processors and GPUs. Security researchers can also use the sample tools provided out-of-the-box. The differentiating aspect of Wisecracker is that it uses OpenCL and MPI together to distribute the work across multiple systems, each having multiple CPUs and/or GPUs.