distributed.net is a loosely knit group of computer users from all of the world that is taking up challenges requiring lots of computing power (most notably the RC5, DES, and OGR cracking contests). It is simple to participate in the challenges by downloading and running their client software (which uses idle CPU time to complete its tasks).
The OpenAI site is centered around an Open Source project and community involving artificial intelligence. The project itself is the creation of a set of tools that are considered to be models of human intelligence or biomimicry. These tools are intended to be integrated into applications or used stand alone for research.
Care2x (formerly Care 2002) is software for hospitals and health care organizations. It is designed to integrate the different information systems existing in these organizations into a single efficient system. It solves the problems inherent in a network of multiple programs that are incompatible with each other. It can integrate almost any type of services, systems, departments, clinics, processes, data, or communication that exist in a hospital. Its design can even handle non-medical services or functions like security or maintenance. All of its functions can be accessed with a Web browser, and all program modules are processed on the server side.
Libecc is a C++ elliptic curve cryptography library that supports fixed-size keys for maximum speed. The goal of this project is to become the first free Open Source library providing the means to generate safe elliptic curves, and to provide an important source of information for anyone with general interest in ECC.
The Paketto Keiretsu is a collection of tools that use new and unusual strategies for manipulating TCP/IP networks. They tap functionality within existing infrastructure and stretch protocols beyond what they were originally intended for. It includes Scanrand, an unusually fast network service and topology discovery system, Minewt, a user space NAT/MAT router, linkcat, which presents a Ethernet link to stdio, Paratrace, which traces network paths without spawning new connections, and Phentropy, which uses OpenQVIS to render arbitrary amounts of entropy from data sources in three dimensional phase space.