SILC (Secure Internet Live Conferencing) is a protocol which provides secure conferencing services in the Internet. It can be used to send any kind of messages, in addition to normal text messages. This includes multimedia messages like images, video, and audio stream. All messages in the SILC network are encrypted and authenticated, and messages can also be digitally signed. SILC protocol supports AES, SHA-1, PKCS#1, PKCS#3, X.509, OpenPGP, and is being developed in the IETF. The software is delivered as SILC Client for end users, SILC Server for system administrators, and SILC Toolkit for application developers.
Pidgin-paranoia is a plugin for Pidgin (formerly known as Gaim) that provides information-theoretically secure encrypted conversations using one-time pads. Because the plugin uses a one-time pad where the secret key has the same length as the message and the key is only used once, the encryption is information-theoretically secure. This means that from the encrypted messages the contents of the messages are not revealed. In short: If you use truly random numbers to generate the key files, and if you keep them perfectly secret, one-time pads can not be broken.
Off-the-Record (OTR) Messaging is a gaim plugin which allows you to have private conversations over the instant messaging system of your choice. It provides encryption, which prevents someone who intercepts your instant messages from reading them; authentication, which ensures that the correspondent is who you think it is; and perfect forward secrecy, which ensures that no previous conversation is compromised if you lose control of your private keys.
alph implements and analyzes historical and traditional ciphers and codes, such as polyalphabetic, substitutional, and mixed employing human-reconstructable algorithms. It provides a pipe filter interface in order to encrypt and decrypt block text to achieve transparency. The program is meant to be used in conjunction with external programs that transfer data, resulting in transparent encryption or decryption of information. The program can thus be used as a mail filter, IRC filter, IM filter, and so on.