netcf is a library and command line tool for configuring networking on Linux machines in a platform-independent way, using the platforms native configuration mechanisms. Supported are all the various ways in which physical interfaces, bridges, bonds, and VLANs can be combined. The configuration of a network connection is described in an XML format that emphasizes the logical relationship between the interfaces involved, e.g. a bridge connection describes the bridge interface itself and all the interfaces initially enslaved to it. Interoperability with existing network configuration tools is guaranteed since netcf relies only on native network configuration files, both for reading and writing them. Modifying network configuration with netcf has exactly the same effect as modifying the native configuration files directly, and netcf and other tools can be used interchangeably.
Bcfg2 helps system administrators produce a consistent, reproducible, and verifiable description of their environment, and offers visualization and reporting tools to aid in day-to-day administrative tasks. It is based on an operational model in which the specification can be used to validate and optionally change the state of clients, but in a feature unique to bcfg2 the client's response to the specification can also be used to assess the completeness of the specification. Using this feature, bcfg2 provides an objective measure of how good a job an administrator has done in specifying the configuration of client systems. Bcfg2 is therefore built to help administrators construct an accurate, comprehensive specification. Bcfg2 has been designed from the ground up to support gentle reconciliation between the specification and current client states. It is designed to gracefully cope with manual system modifications. Bcfg2 can also enable the construction of complex change management and deployment strategies.