SpeexComm is a Speex-based, multi-platform voice communication engine meant mainly for gaming. Written in C99, the engine itself depends only on libc, but ALSA and Speex libraries are recommended for audio input/output and voice encoding/decoding. The engine is accompanied by some reference UIs.
Sipcat is a software IP telephony system that helps businesses increase productivity and reduce telecommunication costs. It allows you to start running your own voice over IP PBX in a matter of minutes. It contains a complete Linux distribution, including Asterisk and all required 3rd party software.
Echomine Feridian is an easy-to-use Java API that gives you quick and easy access to the XMPP network used in IM services such as Google Talk. The API allows you to communicate with Jabber/XMPP servers for sending and receiving instant messages, presence management, and custom extensions to the XMPP protocol.
4PSA VoipNow is PBX software for service providers and enterprises. Easy to use and deploy, it can run on x86 or PowerPC based servers and delivers advanced IP telephony services. It can be deployed in various working scenarios to provide hosted VoIP services in high availability xSP environments, advanced call center services, or enterprise telephony in organizations of all sizes. A free Express version is available.