Pike is an interpreted, object-oriented, dynamic programming language with a syntax similar to C. It includes a powerful modules system that, for instance, has image manipulation, database connectivity and advanced cryptography. It is simple to learn, does not require long compilation passes and has powerful built-in data types allowing simple and fast data manipulation.
J2ObjC is a tool from Google that translates Java code to Objective-C for the iOS platform. It enables Java code to be part of an iOS build, as no editing of the generated files is necessary. The goal is to write an app's non-UI code (such as data access or application logic) in Java, which can then be shared by Web apps using GWT, Android apps, and iOS apps. J2ObjC supports most Java language and runtime features required by client-side application developers, including exceptions, inner and anonymous classes, generic types, threads, and reflection. JUnit test translation and execution are also supported.
Steel Bank Common Lisp is a development environment for Common Lisp, with excellent support for the ANSI standard: garbage collection, lexical closures, powerful macros, strong dynamic typing, incremental compilation, and the famous Common Lisp Object System (multimethods and all). It also includes many extensions, such as native threads, socket support, a statistical profiler, programmable streams, and more. These are all available through an integrated, interactive native compiler which feels like an interpreter. SBCL is unique in being a multiplatform native compiler which bootstraps itself completely from source, using a C compiler and any other ANSI Common Lisp implementation.
crosstool-NG is a versatile toolchain generator, aiming at being highly configurable. It supports multiple target architectures, different components (glibc/uClibc...) and versions. crosstool-NG also features debugging utilities (DUMA, strace...) and generation tools (sstrip...).
Squirrel is a light-weight programming language (around 6000 lines of code) that features higher-order functions, classes/inheritance, delegation, tail recursion, generators, cooperative threads, exception handling, reference counting and garbage collection on demand. It has a C-like syntax.
PyBison is a sophisticated yet easy-to-use parser creation toolkit for Python that interfaces directly to Bison (yacc)-based parsers. It provides full LALR(1) grammar support, allowing for simple parsing tasks through to writing compilers for high-level languages. Parser code is automatically generated from rules within user-created Parser classes (written in Python), and then, compiled, yacc'ed and linked into a shared library, which is loaded into the running process. All this happens automatically. When the parser runs, it connects directly with the yyparse() routine, and takes event callbacks upon parse targets being reached.