Rainbows! is an HTTP server for sleepy Rack applications. It is based on Unicorn, but designed to handle applications that expect long request/response times and/or slow clients. For Rack applications not heavily bound by slow external network dependencies, consider Unicorn instead as it simpler and easier to debug.
Zbatery is an HTTP server for Rack applications on systems that either do not support fork(), or have no memory (nor need) to run the master/worker model. It is based on Rainbows! (which is based on Unicorn (which is based on Mongrel)) and inherits parts of each. Zbatery supports your choice of all the thread/fiber/event/actor-based concurrency models and Rack middleware that Rainbows! supports (or will ever support) in a single process. Zbatery will still exploit certain features of Unix for transparent upgrades, log reopening, and graceful stops, but does not rely on them for basic functionality.