GNU parallel is a shell tool for executing jobs in parallel locally or using remote computers. A job is typically a single command or a small script that has to be run for each of the lines in the input. The typical input is a list of files, a list of hosts, a list of users, a list of URLs, or a list of tables. If you use xargs today you will find GNU parallel very easy to use, as GNU parallel is written to have the same options as xargs. If you write loops in shell, you will find GNU parallel may be able to replace most of the loops and make them run faster by running several jobs in parallel. GNU parallel makes sure output from the commands is the same output as you would get had you run the commands sequentially. This makes it possible to use output from GNU parallel as input for other programs.
GNU VPE creates a virtual ethernet by creating host-to-host tunnels between multiple endpoints. Unlike other virtual private "network" solutions which merely create a single tunnel, it creates a real network with multiple endpoints. It is designed to be conceptually simple and straightforward to setup (assuming prior IP routing knowledge) without sacrificing flexibility. It is designed to sit on the gateway machines of company branches to connect them, but it can also be used to tunnel into a VPN with a variety of protocols (RAW IP, ICMP, UDP, TCP, HTTPS-Proxy, DNS).
GNUnet is a peer-to-peer framework with focus on providing security. All peer-to-peer messages in the network are confidential and authenticated. The framework provides a transport abstraction layer and can currently encapsulate the network traffic in UDP, TCP, HTTP, HTTPS, or direct 802.11 (WLAN). GNUnet supports accounting to provide contributing nodes with better service. The services built on top of the framework include anonymous file sharing and a virtual network providing IPv4-IPv6 transition via protocol translation over the P2P network.
GLB is a user-space TCP load balancer similar to Pen. It lacks most advanced Pen features, as the aim was to make a user-space TCP proxy that is as fast as possible. It can utilize multiple CPU cores. A list of destinations can be adjusted in runtime. Destination "draining" is supported. It supports "least connected", "round-robin", "random", and "source tracking" balancing policies.
Galera wsrep provider is a dlopenable generic replication library which implements the wsrep provider API. It provides very efficient synchronous replication, and multi-master and "parallel applying" capabilities for opaque data buffers. Its primary focus is data consistency. A transaction is either committed on every node, or not at all. It works anywhere TCP works, including on WAN, and can utilize UDP multicast where available. It is used by the MySQL-wsrep patch project to create true multi-master MySQL/InnoDB clusters.
Ganglia is a scalable distributed monitoring system for high-performance computing systems such as clusters and grids. It is based on a hierarchical design targeted at federations of clusters. Ganglia is currently in use on over 500 clusters around the world and has scaled to handle clusters with 2000 nodes.
Gemeinschaft is a PBX based on Asterisk, MySQL, Apache, and PHP, and designed for high availability and clustering. It provides automatic provisioning for mass deployment, and can handle over 10,000 users. Administration is done via shell scripts or a Web GUI. Hot-desking and mobility are supported. German voice prompts are included. There is a standards-compliant Web GUI with internationalization (and German and English translations). Outbound and inbound routing with full PCRE support is included.
Gled is a C++ framework for rapid development of applications requiring a GUI, 3D graphics, or support for distributed computing. It extends the ROOT framework (a standard data-analysis tool in high-energy physics) with mechanisms for object collection management and serialization, multi-threaded execution, GUI auto-generation (object browser and editor), and dynamic visualization (OpenGL). The distributed computing model of Gled is a hierarchical tree of nodes connected via TCP/IP sockets. Gled provides authentication and access control, data exchange, proxying of object collections, and remote method-call propagation and execution. It can be dynamically extended with library sets. Their creation is facilitated by a set of scripts for creation of user-code stubs. Simple tasks and application configuration can be done efficiently via the interactive C++ interpreter (CINT). Gled is used for development of programs in high energy physics and as a research tool in distributed and grid computing.