Mathomatic is a portable, general-purpose computer algebra system (CAS) that can solve, differentiate, simplify, combine, and compare algebraic equations, perform standard, complex number, modular, and polynomial arithmetic, etc. It does some calculus and is very easy to compile/install, learn, and use. The symbolic math application with a simple command-line interface is designed to be a colorful algebra calculator that is reliable, responsive, and convenient to use. The symbolic math library is lightweight and easy to include in other software, due to being written entirely in C with no additional dependencies.
excat is a simple tool that auto-detectd (potentially nested) compressed file formats and decompresses any combination of them using libarchive, thus unifying zcat, bzcat, lzcat, xzcat, etc. in a single (static, if you need it) binary. It may act as a drop-in replacement for any *cat.
vcprompt prints a short string, to be included in your shell prompt, with barebones information about the current working directory for various version control systems. It is designed to be small and lightweight rather than comprehensive. It has varying degrees of recognition for Mercurial, Git, Subversion, CVS, and Fossil working copies.