mkat is a set of command line tools for burning and cataloging data CD/DVD/BD and audio CDs. The catalog can later be searched for certain files or an audio CD. Tags can be used to categorize CD/DVD/BDs, e.g. comedy, drama, kids, sports. mkat is configured to use wodim/growisofs and genisoimage to do the real work, but it should be possible to configure it to use arbitrary programs.
PhonoRipper is an easy to use, all-in-one GUI tool for creating audio CDs from analog sources like vinyl records. It uses Cdrdao for CD writing and Normalize for volume normalization. Features include a fully buffered WAV file recorder with mixer and VU meter (supporting both ALSA and OSS drivers), automatic detection of track borders, an intuitive drag'n'drop CD writing interface with CD-text support, CDDB queries of CD text data, and a WYSIWYG CD cover editor.
GNU VCDImager is a program for making Video CD (and Super Video CD, a.k.a. SVCD) images out of MPEG movie files. The images it creates are ready to use with programs which understand BIN/CUE images, such as cdrdao. GNU VCDRip allows for reversing the process, ripping mpeg tracks from (Super) Video CDs.
burnCDDA is a console frontend to cdrdao, cdrecord, MPlayer, mpg321, oggdec, mppdec, flac, normalize, and mp3_check. It can be used to create audio CDs from an M3U playlist (the playlist format of XMMS and amaroK) or from files inside a directory. It supports MP3, OGG Vorbis, Musepack, FLAC, WMA, M4A, and WAV files, and it might be the easiest way to copy an audio CD.
make_cd_label is a script that helps create stickers for CDs. It is intended to be integrated with your backup scripts, but can also make stickers for audio CDs using CDDB and disc-cover. The output is an XML file that can be read into glabels and then edited or printed. It uses Memorex or Avery CD label stickers.
cdrkit is CD Recording Kit, a collection of applications related to creation of optical disk media on Unix platforms, from creation of the filesystems used on such media to the actual burning process. It is heavily based on the cdrtools package (partially developed and maintained by Joerg Schilling before), but is maintained independently.
Simpleburner is a simple CLI application to make burning CDs and DVDs easier. It writes a directory with your files to burn to a CD. You have to set up some things like ISO image name and location for it. It can be run in modes like test burn, makeiso-only, or burn-only. More information is included in the help message.
Cdrdao records audio/data CD-Rs in disk-at-once (DAO) mode based on a textual description of the CD contents (toc-file). Features include full control over length and contents of pre-gaps (pause areas between tracks). Pre-gaps may be completely omitted, e.g. for dividing live recordings into tracks. Control over sub-channel data like catalog numbers, copy, pre-emphasis, 2-/4-channel flags, ISRC code, and index marks are provided as well. GCDMaster is a Gnome GUI front-end that lets you import MP3 and WAV files, select track markers and cut/copy/paste audio snippets before burning.