cdrtools (formerly cdrecord) creates home-burned CDs/DVDs with a CDR/CDRW/DVD/BluRay recorder. It works as a burn engine for several applications. It supports CD/DVD/BD recorders from many different vendors; all SCSI-3/mmc- and ATAPI/mmc-compliant drives should also work. Supported features include IDE/ATAPI, parallel port, and SCSI drives; audio CDs, data CDs, and mixed CDs; full multi-session support; CD-RWs, DVD-R/-RW, DVD+R/+RW, BD-R/BD-RE; and TAO, DAO, RAW, and human-readable error messages. cdrtools includes remote SCSI support and can access local or remote CD/DVD/BD writers.
Cdrdao records audio/data CD-Rs in disk-at-once (DAO) mode based on a textual description of the CD contents (toc-file). Features include full control over length and contents of pre-gaps (pause areas between tracks). Pre-gaps may be completely omitted, e.g. for dividing live recordings into tracks. Control over sub-channel data like catalog numbers, copy, pre-emphasis, 2-/4-channel flags, ISRC code, and index marks are provided as well. GCDMaster is a Gnome GUI front-end that lets you import MP3 and WAV files, select track markers and cut/copy/paste audio snippets before burning.
gcombust is a CD burner GUI. It works as a GTK+ frontend for mkisofs, mkhybrid, cdrecord, and cdlabelgen. It has primitive support for controlling the directory (root) structure and size of an image without copying files/symlinking or writing 10 lines of arguments. It can also maximize disk usage by hinting at which directories/files to use.
NeroLINUX is flexible graphical application to assist in burning writable CDs and DVDs in many formats. It supports all types of internal and external recorders that are supported by the API of the established Nero application for Windows. It features kernel optimizations for both 2.4 and 2.6 kernels, digital audio extraction, FreeDB support, and USB hotplugging. Video editing capabilities are not yet included.
Python Audio Tools is a collection of audio handling programs that work from the command line. These include programs for CD extraction, track conversion from one audio format to another, track renaming and retagging, track identification, CD burning from tracks, and more. It supports internationalized track filenames and metadata using Unicode. It works with high-definition, multi-channel audio as well as CD-quality. Track conversion uses multiple CPUs or CPU cores if available to greatly speed the transcoding process. Track metadata can be retrieved from MusicBrainz, FreeDB, or compatible servers. Audio formats supported are WAV, FLAC, WavPack, MP3, Ogg Vorbis, M4A, Apple Lossless, and more.
cdrkit is CD Recording Kit, a collection of applications related to creation of optical disk media on Unix platforms, from creation of the filesystems used on such media to the actual burning process. It is heavily based on the cdrtools package (partially developed and maintained by Joerg Schilling before), but is maintained independently.
MP3do is an "all in one" bash script. It is useful for decoding and mastering audio files. It can decode a list of MP3 or Ogg Vorbis files to WAV or CD-R, auto-convert poor quality MP3s to 44100Hz stereo, check whether all files fit on a CD, normalize all WAV files (adjust the volume to a standard volume level), and burn a CD.