Ubuntu Privacy Remix is a modified live CD based on Ubuntu Linux. UPR is not intended for permanent installation on a hard disk. The goal of Ubuntu Privacy Remix is to provide an isolated working environment where private data can be dealt with safely. The system installed on the computer running UPR remains untouched. It does this by removing support for network devices as well as local hard disks. Ubuntu Privacy Remix includes TrueCrypt and GnuPG for encryption and introduces "extended TrueCrypt volumes".
Devil-Linux is a special secure Linux distribution which is used for firewalls, routers, gateways, and servers. The goal of Devil-Linux is to have a small, customizable, and secure Linux system. Configuration is saved on a floppy disk or USB stick, and it has several optional packages. Devil-Linux boots from CD, but can be stored on CF cards or USB sticks.
Slax is a modern, small, and fast Linux operating system with a modular approach and outstanding design. Despite its small size, which is below 200 megabytes, Slax provides a wide collection of pre-installed software for daily use, including a well organized graphical user interface (KDE4) and useful recovery tools for system administrators. The modular approach gives you the ability to include any other software in Slax easily, by downloading a module with the software, without having to install or configure it.
SystemRescueCd is a Linux system available from a bootable CDROM that provides an easy way to perform administrative tasks on your computer, such as creating and editing the partitions of the hard disk or backing up data. It contains a lot of system utilities (such as parted, partimage, and fstools), and basic programs (such as editors, midnight commander, and network tools). It also includes GParted, a Partition Magic clone that makes editing partitions easy with its graphical user interface. This CDROM aims to be very easy to use and accessible to everybody, and it also provides advanced personalization features.
Finnix is a small, self-contained, bootable Linux CD distribution ("LiveCD") for system administrators, based on Debian testing. You can use it to mount and manipulate hard drives and partitions, monitor networks, rebuild boot records, install other operating systems, and much more.
BG-Rescue Linux is a Busybox and uClibc-based rescue system with a 2.4 series Linux kernel. It supports full read/write support for NTFS using ntfs-3g. It is loaded from two floppy disks, a bootable CD-Rom, or a USB Stick. The system runs entirely in RAM. It supports a wide range of hardware (including SATA and DM/LVM2) and filesystems (including ext2/3, hfs/hfs+, and xfs) and can serve as a full backup/restore system for MS Windows systems which use FAT12/16/32 or NTFS. It also includes many utilities, including strong compresstion tools like lrzip. Automatic loading of the antivirus-program F-Prot from cdrom or usbstick is supported.
GeeXboX is a standalone media player Linux distribution, similar to MoviX. It's a small bootable CD that allows you to play your favorite video (DivX, XviD, H.264, MPEG 1/2, VCD, DVD, OggMedia, Windows Media, RealMedia, etc.) and audio (MP3, Audio CD, Ogg Vorbis, FLAC, MPC, etc.) files. It also supports networking, and is able to play media from Windows/Samba share, NFS, UPnP A/V Media Servers, RTP/RTSP servers, or SHOUTcast. It supports TV-out, TV tuners, DVB cards, and WiFi cards. It is based on MPlayer, and can be used on any x86, x86_64, or PowerPC computer. It's easy to modify the source to build your own GeeXboX or use an alternative boot method.
Myrinix is a multi-purpose portable Linux distribution based on Debian Sid. It can be installed on a live CD, USB drive, or even a Windows XP NTFS partition without modifying the MBR. Myrinix also supplies a series of application modules that can be easily added to a live CD or portable drive for more functionality.