DarkIce is a live audio streamer. It records audio from an audio interface (e.g. a sound card), encodes it, and sends it to a streaming server. DarkIce can record from OSS audio devices, ALSA audio devices, Solaris audio interfaces, and Jack sources. DarkIce can encode into MP3, MP2, Ogg Vorbis, and AAC formats, and can send the encoded stream to ShoutCast, IceCast 1.3.x and 2.x, and the Darwin Streaming Server.
GramoFile is intended primarily for transferring gramophone records to CDs, but has many other possible uses. It can record very long .wav files with a bargraph signal peak-level meter, playback any part of the files, split long .wav files into separate tracks (with automatic track location), and process the signal with filters to reduce ticks and pops (multiple filters are provided, they can be applied in any order (multiple instances) with user-adjustable parameters). Track splitting and signal processing are done in the same run, and don't need any temporary files.
The Snack sound extension adds commands for sound play/record and sound visualization, e.g. waveforms and spectrograms. It supports in- memory sound objects, file based audio, streaming audio, WAV, AU, AIFF, and MP3 file formats, synchronous and asynchronous playback. The visualization canvas item types update in real-time and can output postscript. New commands and file formats can be added using the Snack C-API.
Audacity is a cross-platform multitrack audio editor. It allows you to record sounds directly or to import Ogg, WAV, AIFF, AU, IRCAM, or MP3 files. It features a few simple effects, all of the editing features you should need, and unlimited undo. The audio I/O uses PortAudio, which fully supports OSS, Mac OS X CoreAudio, and Windows WMME, and can be compiled with support for ALSA and Jack.
mp3cat reads MP3 files from standard input and writes them to standard output. By default, it omits any invalid MP3 data from the input when producing the output, and it features support for reading from and writing to an "mp3dir". mp3cat can be used to help implement an MP3 streaming server.
XO Wave is a digital audio workstation designed to meet the needs of audio and video professionals, with a focus on CD mastering and audio for video work. XO Wave provides professional-grade capabilities for manipulating audio, with a familiar and elegant interface. It supports direct recording from any Core Audio device (ALSA/Jack/OSS on Linux), importing and exporting files in a variety of formats (including songs from iTunes playlists), CD burning, multi-track editing, support for many Audio Units, and QuickTime synchronization and export.
ripx is a script designed to make ripping CDs as easy as possible. It features CDDB lookup, ID3 tag editing prior to ripping, playlist file generation, album directory creation, and generally a nicer interface than many similar tools. By default, ripx uses cdparanoia to extract audio from CDs and lame to encode the audio to MP3 format at the quality of your choice. If you wish to use alternative applications for extraction or encoding, modifying ripx to handle these should be fairly painless.