Ghostscript is a processor for PostScript and PDF files. It can rasterize these files to a wide variety of printers, devices for screen preview, and image file formats. Since applications tend to prepare pages for printing in a high-level format such as PostScript, most Unix users with low-level bitmap printers, such as inkjets, use GhostScript as part of the printing process. In addition, Ghostscript is capable of converting PostScript files, functionality comparable to Adobe Acrobat Distiller, but on the command line. In addition, Ghostscript is used for file import and viewing by a great many other applications, including xv, ImageMagick, gimp, and xdvi. Several GUI wrappers for viewing PostScript and PDF files exist, including GSview, ghostview, gv, ggv, and kghostview. This is far from a comprehensive list.
A+ is a powerful and efficient programming language. It embodies a rich set of functions and operators, a modern GUI with many widgets and automatic synchronization of widgets and variables, asynchronous execution of functions associated with variables and events, dynamic loading of user compiled subroutines, and many other features. Execution is by a rather efficient interpreter.
Ciao is a complete Prolog system subsuming ISO-Prolog with a novel modular design which allows both restricting and extending the language. Ciao extensions currently include feature terms (records), higher-order, functions, constraints, objects, persistent predicates, a good base for distributed execution (agents), and concurrency. Libraries also support WWW programming, sockets, and external interfaces (C, Java, TCL/Tk, relational databases, etc.). An Emacs-based environment, a stand-alone compiler, and a toplevel shell are also provided.
Clig uses a simple description file to create C-code to interprete the typical *NIX command line as well as an up-to-date usage-message and a manual page skeleton. It supports Flag, String, Int, Long, Float and Double types, with ranges, defaults, and more. The generated C-Code is ANSI but has been reported to work with C++. It is self contained code which does not depend on any library other than libc. Included is a TCL-only TCL-package to instrument your TCL scripts the same way as your C-programs.
Euphoria is a simple, flexible, easy-to-learn programming language. It lets you quickly and easily develop programs for Windows, Linux, FreeBSD, NetbSD, OpenBSD, and Mac OS X. Although Euphoria provides subscript checking, uninitialized variable checking, and numerous other run-time checks, it is extremely fast and has the ability to compile to transparently compile native executables via C code.
Ficl (Forth inspired command language) is an ANS Forth interpreter written in C. Unlike traditional Forths, this interpreter is designed to be embedded into other systems as a command/macro/development prototype language. Ficl provides object extensions that can be used to wrap methods and structures of the host system without altering them.
FPL (Frexx Programming Language) is an interpreting script/macro language shared library, designed to be flexible and easy inserted/embedded in any code or program. It is a complete script programming language very similar to C. The FPL library lets the software programmer define functions and variables that FPL should accept. The library will call a function in the software whenever any of these functions are used or variables are read in an FPL script program. FPL allows scripts to be in straight ASCII or bytecompiled for faster execution.