php_mt_seed finds possible seeds given the very first PHP mt_rand() output after possible seeding with mt_srand(). With advanced invocation modes, php_mt_seed is also able to match multiple, non-first, and/or inexact mt_rand() outputs to possible seed values. php_mt_seed is written in C with optional SIMD intrinsics (SSE4.1/AVX, XOP, AVX2, MIC) and OpenMP. On a modern quad-core CPU, it is able to search the full 32-bit seed space in one minute (or in just seven seconds on Xeon Phi).
Gpart is a small tool which tries to guess which partitions are on a PC harddisk in case the primary partition table was damaged. It works by scanning through the device (or file) given on the commandline on a sector basis. Each guessing module is asked if it thinks a filesystem it knows about could start at a given sector. Several filesystem guessing modules are built in, and others can be added dynamically.
Salad (short for Letter Salad) is an efficient and flexible implementation of the well-known anomaly detection method Anagram by Wang et al. (RAID 2006). Salad is based on n-gram models, that is, data is represented as all of its substrings of length n. During training these n-grams are stored in a Bloom filter. This enables the detector to represent a large number of n-grams in little memory and still being able to efficiently access the data. Salad extends Anagram by allowing various n-gram types, a 2-class version of the detector for classification, and various model analysis modes.
GNU Mach is the microkernel upon which a GNU Hurd system is based. It provides an Inter Process Communication (IPC) mechanism which the Hurd uses to define interfaces for implementing in a distributed multi-server fashion the services a traditional operating system kernel provides. Mach is particularly well-suited for SMP and network cluster techniques. Thread support is provided at the kernel level, and the kernel itself takes advantage of that. Network transparency at the IPC level makes resources of the system available across machine boundaries.
DiskScan scans the entire surface of a disk, alerts when a sector is unreadable, and uses the read timing to warn when a sector is having problems. It will tell when a disk has failed and already has bad sectors and also when the disk is near failure and takes too long to read the data.
CIRCLean aims to be used by someone receiving a USB key from an untrusted source who wants to see the content without opening the original and potentially malicious files. The code runs on a Raspberry Pi, which means it is never required to plug the original USB key into a computer.
libdeco-ostc provides a library for dive decompression calculation. The library functions perform dive simulation using OSTC dive computer firmware and return decompression schedule information. The decompression model used is Buhlmann (ZH-L16C) with Gradient Factors. A C API (libdeco library) and Python API (DecoMecha module) are supported.
iCan is an intelligent, community-driven command line that helps you to automate any kind of task arising in your daily Linux use. It is extensible through simple Lua modules, which run in a sandbox environment. It is designed to learn what you do and make things easier for you, every time you do something.