dudl is a collection of tools to grab, encode, and rename MP3 files, archive them, and maintain a database of all files. On top of this runs the dudld Jukebox daemon that plays your files through gstreamer. dudld's strengths are the powerful tag based filters, the capability to cope with very large collections, and the network protocol to control its operation. There is a full featured command-line client, a minimalistic GTK client, and a lirc client. Writing new clients should be easy with the supplied client libraries.
m9u is a music server, similar to mpd or xmms2. It sits in the background, waiting for commands to be delivered via a 9p file system. m9u embraces the Unix philosophy of doing one thing well. As such, it does not try to catalog or otherwise organize music, but aims for the more humble goal of simply playing it. A side effect of this approach is that m9u is trivially extensible to domains aside from music (for example, an image slideshow).