php_mt_seed finds possible seeds given the very first PHP mt_rand() output after possible seeding with mt_srand(). With advanced invocation modes, php_mt_seed is also able to match multiple, non-first, and/or inexact mt_rand() outputs to possible seed values. php_mt_seed is written in C with optional SIMD intrinsics (SSE4.1/AVX, XOP, AVX2, MIC) and OpenMP. On a modern quad-core CPU, it is able to search the full 32-bit seed space in one minute (or in just seven seconds on Xeon Phi).
vcprompt prints a short string, to be included in your shell prompt, with barebones information about the current working directory for various version control systems. It is designed to be small and lightweight rather than comprehensive. It has varying degrees of recognition for Mercurial, Git, Subversion, CVS, and Fossil working copies.
Fubsy is a tool for efficiently building software. In concrete terms, it lets you conditionally (re)build targets from sources based on which sources have changed since the last build. Typically, targets and sources are all files in a directory tree. In theory, they can be any resource on a computer. More abstractly, Fubsy is an engine for conditional execution of actions based on the dependencies between related resources.
The KoreLogic Expression Language Library (libklel) is a C library that provides a simple expression language that can be embedded in other programs. It does not implement a full programming language, but rather a simpler expression language called KL-EL that is designed to provide arithmetic and logic operations in situations where embedding a full programming language would be overkill. KL-EL can access functions and variables exported from the embedding program, and is statically and strongly typed, which helps ensure that expressions are valid before they are executed. The embedding API is easy to use, and the library itself is very small.
Derrick is a simple tool for recording data streams of TCP and UDP traffic. It shares similarities with other network recorders, such as tcpflow and wireshark, though it is more advanced than the first and clearly inferior to the latter. It has been specifically designed to monitor application-layer communication. In contrast to other tools, the application data is logged in a line-based ASCII format. Common Unix tools, such as grep, sed, and awk, can be directly applied. Even replay of recorded communication is straightforward using netcat. Derrick supports on-the-fly compression and rotation of log files.
Libntoh aims to be a user-friendly library to provide an easy way to perform defragmentation and reassembly of network/transport protocols. It is intended to provide a flexible, thread-safe, and highly configurable environment for the user. It performs IP defragmentation and TCP reassembly.
libstream is a fast I/O stream library written in C. It supports common stringstream operations such as read(), write(), and peak(). Instead of using one large buffer, libstream splits its internal buffer into a linked list of fixed-size chunks, thus featuring a more efficient memory footprint. There are no external dependencies.
tcpdump prints a description of the contents of packets on a network interface which match a given boolean expression. It can also be run with the -w flag, which causes it to save the packet data to a file for later analysis, and/or with the -r flag, which causes it to read from a saved packet file rather than to read packets from a network interface. In all cases, only packets which match the expression will be processed by tcpdump. tcpdump logs more than just TCP, IP, or ethernet packets, but has a whole suite of decoders, including ones for USB.