libAstronomy provides a set of astronomical routines to ease the calculation of ephemerides. It includes mathematical functions to compensate various astronomical phenomena like precession, nutation, etc. The getconstellation routine finds the constellation for a given coordinate. It also calculates the positions of the sun and moon in two different precise ways.
MultiSeti is a utility for the Seti@Home client which helps you manage multiple SETI packets. If you have dial-up access to the Net, want to download more than one packet, and don't want to run clients simultaneously, MultiSeti will run one after another (when one is finished analyzing, it starts seti to analyze the next packet).
Astronomy for fun (education, science, whatever). Nightfall is an interactive application to simulate eclipsing binary stars, and to produce animated views, synthetic lightcurves and more. Takes into account the non-spherical shape of close binary stars, mutual reflection, and some other effects. Comes with documentation, on-line help, and lots of observational data of real binary stars. Supports the Gnome desktop, but doesn't require it.
pscal is a simple shell script that creates PostScript calendars. It's not the most advanced calendar creator available, but for quick, nice looking calendars, it's very handy to have sitting in your bin directory. Features include: font selection, user-defined holidays, phase of moon, and days past/remaining in the year.
x10ephem computes sunrise and sunset times. It consists of a library and an assortment of utilities. The most useful utility is x10events, which parses crontab files and updates the time fields to track sun events. Combined with an X10 interface like HEYU or X10, this allows the scheduling of lighting events to follow the changing seasons and daylight savings time automatically. This application does not depend on X10; it can be used for any crontab entry you like.
Xplanet was inspired by Xearth, which renders an image of the earth into the X root window. All of the major planets and most satellites can be drawn, similar to JPL's Solar System Simulator. A number of different map projections are also supported, including azimuthal, Mercator, Mollweide, orthographic, and rectangular.