TRIP is a general computer algebra system dedicated to celestial mechanics. It includes a numerical kernel and has interfaces to gnuplot and xmgrace. Computations can be performed with double, quadruple, or multi-precision. Users can dynamically load external libraries written in C, C++, or Fortran. Parallel computations on multivariate polynomials can be performed.
INDI is an instrument-neutral distributed interface control protocol that aims to provide backend driver support and automation for a wide range of astronomical devices (telescopes, focusers, CCDs, etc.). Current supported devices include many telescopes, CCDs, filter wheels, focusers, and video cams. INDI is used in popular astronomy suites like Xephem, KStars, DCD, and Cartes Du Ciel.
CFITSIO is a library of C and Fortran subroutines for reading and writing data files in the FITS (Flexible Image Transport System) data format. It simplifies the task of writing software that deals with FITS files by providing an easy to use set of high-level routines that insulate the programmer from the internal complexities of the FITS file format.
AstroStack is an easy-to-use astronomical imaging and processing tool geared towards the use of inexpensive webcam CCDs. It provides a very tunable environment to produce the best quality images. It supports the following features: tunable webcam sampling; image stacking (averaging, additive etc.); pre and post-capture gamma (brightness) and contrast correction; dark-shot CCD calibration (subtractive); and an internal 16-bit grey-scale format for optimal resolution.
ChiantiPy is a Python interface to the CHIANTI atomic database for astrophysical spectroscopy. The CHIANTI atomic database for astrophysical spectroscopy provides the information necessary to calculate the emission spectrum from hot plasmas. ChiantiPy provides several top-level classes to access the database and calculate continuum and emission line intensities.
Aciqra is a night sky simulator to show the sky and celestial objects. It uses the highly precise Aloac program to calculate highly accurate positions for planets, stars, comets, and everything else in the sky for thousands of years into the future. It can load a variety of catalogs and even custom ones with a bit of extension.
AstroAviBrowser is a small tool for astronomy imaging capture/processing. It allows you to open a video file, select the good frames, and save the new sequence in a new avi file using raw or lossless codecs. You may also de-bayer your frames and separate RGB plans. It's a kind of "AviRaw" for Linux.