Frink is a calculating tool and programming language designed to help you in the real world. It tracks units of measurement throughout all calculations and ensures that answers are correct. It converts between systems of measurement, and has a huge library of physical data. It is both a simple calculator for quick calculations and a full-fledged programming language for large tasks. It draws high-quality graphics, handles conversions between time zones, currencies, and historical values of the U.S. dollar and the British pound, translates between several languages, does date/time math, and more.
Cactus is a general, modular, parallel environment for solving systems of partial differential equations. The code has been developed over many years by a large international collaboration of numerical relativity and computational science research groups and can be used to provide a portable platform for solving any system of partial differential equations.
CFITSIO is a library of C and Fortran subroutines for reading and writing data files in the FITS (Flexible Image Transport System) data format. It simplifies the task of writing software that deals with FITS files by providing an easy to use set of high-level routines that insulate the programmer from the internal complexities of the FITS file format.
BOTEC is a simple but useful calculator that assists with astrophysical, orbital mechanics, and space navigation calculations. It is a "back-of-the-envelope calculator" rather than an industrial-strength calculator, although this may change in the future. It is primarily intended for people familiar with physics and Python, and as such is unlikely to be useful to the average end user. It includes solar system data, and all values are strictly in SI units.