CFITSIO is a library of C and Fortran subroutines for reading and writing data files in the FITS (Flexible Image Transport System) data format. It simplifies the task of writing software that deals with FITS files by providing an easy to use set of high-level routines that insulate the programmer from the internal complexities of the FITS file format.
Cactus is a general, modular, parallel environment for solving systems of partial differential equations. The code has been developed over many years by a large international collaboration of numerical relativity and computational science research groups and can be used to provide a portable platform for solving any system of partial differential equations.
The FLASH code is a modular, adaptive, parallel simulation code capable of handling general compressible flow problems in astrophysical environments. It has been designed to allow users to configure initial and boundary conditions, change algorithms, and add new physical effects with minimal effort. It uses the PARAMESH library to manage a block-structured adaptive grid, placing resolution elements only where they are needed most. It uses the Message-Passing Interface (MPI) library to achieve portability and scalability on a variety of different message-passing parallel computers.
SAOTrace is a suite of software designed to simulate the as-built performance of grazing-angle X-ray optics using the ray-tracing approach. It is derived from portions of the NASA OSAC (Optical Surface Analysis Code) software suite. It can model nested conical as well as flat optical designs, and includes the ability to model arbitrary support structures and baffles. It can model non-ideal multi-layer reflective coatings as well as scattering from the optical surfaces.
WCSLIB is a C library, supplied with a full set of Fortran wrappers, which implements the "World Coordinate System" (WCS) standard in FITS (Flexible Image Transport System). It also includes a PGPLOT-based routine, PGSBOX, for drawing general curvilinear coordinate graticules, and a number of utility programs. The FITS "World Coordinate System" (WCS) convention defines keywords and usage which provide descriptions of astronomical coordinate systems in a FITS image header.
NOVAS (Naval Observatory Vector Astrometry Subroutines) is an integrated package of subroutines for the computation of a wide variety of common astrometric quantities and transformations. It can provide the instantaneous coordinates (apparent, topocentric, or astrometric place) of any star or planet, and also provides general astrometric utility transformations, such as those for precession, nutation, aberration, parallax, etc. It is useful for data reduction programs, telescope control systems, and simulations.