Frink is a calculating tool and programming language designed to help you in the real world. It tracks units of measurement throughout all calculations and ensures that answers are correct. It converts between systems of measurement, and has a huge library of physical data. It is both a simple calculator for quick calculations and a full-fledged programming language for large tasks. It draws high-quality graphics, handles conversions between time zones, currencies, and historical values of the U.S. dollar and the British pound, translates between several languages, does date/time math, and more.
Xplanet was inspired by Xearth, which renders an image of the earth into the X root window. All of the major planets and most satellites can be drawn, similar to JPL's Solar System Simulator. A number of different map projections are also supported, including azimuthal, Mercator, Mollweide, orthographic, and rectangular.
INDI is an instrument-neutral distributed interface control protocol that aims to provide backend driver support and automation for a wide range of astronomical devices (telescopes, focusers, CCDs, etc.). Current supported devices include many telescopes, CCDs, filter wheels, focusers, and video cams. INDI is used in popular astronomy suites like Xephem, KStars, DCD, and Cartes Du Ciel.
Cactus is a general, modular, parallel environment for solving systems of partial differential equations. The code has been developed over many years by a large international collaboration of numerical relativity and computational science research groups and can be used to provide a portable platform for solving any system of partial differential equations.
Gpredict is a real time satellite tracking and orbit prediction program. Besides the general orbital data for satellites, gpredict can also calculate the footprint, visibility, doppler shift, signal loss, and signal delay for each satellite relative to one or more ground stations. The calculated data can be viewed in tables, on maps, or on polar graphs.