John the Ripper is a fast password cracker, currently available for many flavors of Unix, Windows, DOS, BeOS, and OpenVMS. Its primary purpose is to detect weak Unix passwords. It supports several crypt(3) password hash types commonly found on Unix systems, as well as Windows LM hashes. On top of this, lots of other hashes and ciphers are added in the community-enhanced version (-jumbo), and some are added in John the Ripper Pro.
Partition Logic is a partitioning and disk management tool for PC-compatible computers. It includes its own standalone operating system and GUI, and can fit on a single bootable floppy (or CD). It creates, modifies, resizes, deletes, formats, and moves partitions, and copies hard disks. It is based on the Visopsys operating system.
CD Shell is a scriptable menu system that provides the ability to create interactive multi-boot optical discs. It will make PC-bootable compact discs or DVDs that can select from several program loaders or kernels located on the disc, or boot from other local disk drives that are attached to the system.
Flat Assembler is a fast and efficient self-assembling 80x86 assembler. It supports x86 and x86-64 instruction sets with MMX, 3DNow!, SSE up to SSE4, AVX, AVX2, and XOP extensions. It can produce output in binary, MZ, PE, COFF, or ELF format. It includes powerful but easy-to-use macroinstruction support and does multiple passes to optimize the instruction codes for size. It is written entirely in assembly language.
asmutils is a set of miscellaneous utilities written in assembly language, targeted on embedded systems and small distributions (e.g. installation or rescue disks). It also contains a small libc and a crypto library. It is optimized for size, memory usage, and speed, and offers fairly good functionality. The project supports Linux and the BSD family. Unixware, Solaris, and AtheOS support is in beta stage. This package also aims to provide a portable development framework, and to encourage assembly programmers to write for Linux/Unix.
smake is a highly portable 'make' program that makes commands up to date based on rules in Makefiles and on the timestamps of the related files. It implements a complete superset of the features of the classical POSIX/Unix make program. It warns about typical misuse of dynamic macros that prevent portability of makefiles. Its automake features allow you to run scripts to automatically create rules for unknown platforms.
Yasm is a complete rewrite of the NASM assembler. It currently supports the x86 and AMD64 instruction sets, accepts NASM and GAS assembler syntaxes, outputs binary, ELF32, ELF64, COFF, Mach-O (32 and 64), RDOFF2, Win32, and Win64 object formats, and generates source debugging information in STABS, DWARF 2, and CodeView 8 formats.
crypt_blowfish is an efficient implementation of a modern password hashing algorithm, based on the Blowfish block cipher, provided via the crypt(3) and a reentrant interface. It is compatible with bcrypt as used in OpenBSD. It is adaptable to future processor performance improvements, allowing you to arbitrarily increase the processing cost of checking a password while still maintaining compatibility with your older password hashes. The hashes it produces are several orders of magnitude stronger than traditional Unix DES-based or FreeBSD-style MD5-based hashes.
ADTPro transfers disks to and from Apple II and Apple /// computers and the modern world using any of these communications methods: serial/USB, UDP via the Uthernet or LANceGS Ethernet cards, or audio via the Apple's cassette ports. ADTPro has comprehensive bootstrapping support for otherwise diskless Apple IIs. The home page includes extensive tutorials for getting started.
retty is a utlity that can attach to processes running on another terminal. This is useful, for example, when you run an application locally and then decide you want to use that running application from some remote location. You can run retty on it, do your work, and detach application back again. Its advantage over screen is that you don't have to run the processes on retty in advance.