iPXE is a network boot firmware. It provides a full PXE implementation enhanced with additional features such as the ability to boot from a Web server using HTTP, and the ability to boot from a SAN using iSCSI, AoE, SRP, or FCoE. It supports a wide variety of network devices, including wireless and Infiniband networks. iPXE is an effective replacement for gPXE.
The Google Serial Graphics Adapter BIOS, or SGABIOS, provides a means for legacy x86 software to communicate with an attached serial console as if a video card were attached. It is designed to be inserted into a BIOS as an option ROM to provide over a serial port the display and input capabilities normally handled by a VGA adapter and a keyboard, and additionally provide hooks for logging displayed characters for later collection after an operating system boots. It is designed to handle all text mode output sent to the legacy video BIOS int 10h service routine. Int 10h is the most common method for displaying characters in 16-bit legacy x86 code.
mbldr (Master Boot LoaDeR) is a boot loader which fits into the first sector of an HDD (MBR). It allows the user to choose which partition to boot and is intended to replace an MBR that comes with DOS/Windows (fdisk /mbr). It may boot OSes above the 1024th cylinder, and Linux and BSD are also supported. mbldr is based on OS Boot Select (OS-BS) project by Thomas wolfRAM.
HeavenOS is an original, alternative 32-bit operating system for Intel 80386 compatible processors. It is made with NASM (The Netwide Assembler), and is not intended to compare to modern operating systems, but to try to get the best features and discover better ways to do things. It is intended to be a simple and pratical platform for development, running with a small amount of code.
Coreboot (formerly known as LinuxBIOS) is a project that aims to replace the normal BIOS with a little bit of hardware initialization and a payload. Payloads can include a compressed Linux kernel, FILO, GRUB2, OpenBIOS, Open Firmware, SmartFirmware, GNUFI (UEFI), Etherboot, ADLO (for booting Windows and OpenBSD), Plan 9, or memtest86.
GRUB for DOS is a rebuild of the GNU GRUB boot manager for DOS, and can be run under real mode DOS. It also has many new features. It can be booted through BOOT.INI of Windows (grldr) and kexec of Linux (grub.exe). It can directly boot NTLDR (WindowsNT/2K/XP), IO.SYS (Windows9x/Me) and KERNEL.SYS (FreeDOS). The disk emulation feature is another enhancement over GNU GRUB, and can be used to run legacy DOS/Windows9x systems with floppy or hard disk images.
Kerrighed is a Single System Image operating system (SSI) for clusters. It offers the view of a unique SMP machine on top of a cluster of standard PCs. The goals are high performance of applications, high availability of the cluster, efficient resource management, high customizability of the operating system, and ease of use. It is implemented as an extension to Linux operating system (a set of Linux modules and a small patch to the kernel).
mbootpack is a tool that takes a Multiboot kernel and modules (e.g. a Xen VMM or a xen-linux kernel and initrd), and packages them up as a single file that looks like a bzImage Linux kernel. The aim is to allow you to boot Multiboot kernels (specifically, Xen) using bootloaders that don't support the Multiboot standard (i.e. pretty much anything except GRUB).