Gnofract 4D is a Gnome-based program to draw fractals. What sets it apart from other fractal programs (and makes it "4D") is the way that it treats the Mandelbrot and Julia sets as different views of the same four-dimensional fractal object. It contains a Fractint-compatible formula compiler, allowing it to draw an unlimited number of fractal types, using numerous coloring options.
EZFB is a polymorphic, object oriented Linux frame buffer API written in C, designed to adapt at run time to control any properly configured Linux frame buffer video system. It offers independent, simultaneous control of multiple video cards within a single system, exceptional control of colors, the ability to display all or portions of bitmap files anywhere on the screen, automatic color depth conversion, the ability to capture to bitmap files, an 8x8 bitmapped font, routines to draw points, lines, outlined and filled rectangles, signal trapping for automatic screen clean-up at process termination, and much more. The demonstration applications include a bitmap viewer, screen capture utility, screen saver, and a touch screen calibration utility and an application for generating, viewing, transforming, and saving files according to The International Laser Display Association's ILDA file format.
LiquidMaya is a Maya to Renderman plug-in that handles full Renderman output support with a focus on speed, efficiency, and extensibility. Its features include procedural rib generation, full network rendering support, segmented rib files, a shader assignment interface, and much more. Along with the ability to write full C++ plug-ins, it is incredibly easy to script Liquid with Mel. Liquid was used for the visual effects of the "Lord of the Rings" movie.
Evolvotron is an interactive "generative art" application to evolve images/textures/patterns through an iterative process of random mutation and user-selection driven evolution. If you like lava lamps, and never got tired of the Mandelbrot set, this could be the software for you. It's implemented using Qt, and is multithreaded.
Zence is a small Postscript program that generates random text. Word morphology and the occurrence of certain letters or letter combinations are configurable. It may be used for generating words to be used in artificial languages, but with the correct set of parameters can also generate text that resembles existing languages.