BitHorde is a fast and lightwheight content distribution system, aimed for high-performance decentralized content distribution. Its key features are high performance, a light footprint, and live streaming. Potential applications range from content delivery networks, including HD streaming setups, to offline-caching filesystems, to file sharing, to distribution of in-game maps or textures.
TinyIDS is a distributed intrusion detection system (IDS) for Unix systems. It is based on the client/server architecture and has been developed with security in mind. The client, tinyids, collects information from the local system by running its collector backends. The collected information may include anything, from file contents to file metadata or even the output of system commands. The client passes all this data through a hashing algorithm and a unique checksum (hash) is calculated. This hash is then sent to one or more TinyIDS servers (tinyidsd), where it is compared with a hash that had previously been stored in the databases of those remote servers for this specific client. A response indicating the result of the hash comparison is finally sent back to the client. Management of the remotely stored hash is possible through the client's command line interface. Communication between the client and the server can be encrypted using RSA public key infrastructure (PKI).
mod_asn is an Apache module that uses BGP routing data to look up the autonomous system (AS) and the network prefix (subnet) which contains a given (client's) IP address. mod_asn is highly scalable. To do lookups in high-speed, it uses the PostgreSQL ip4r datatype, which is indexable with a Patricia Trie algorithm to store network prefixes. This is the most suitable algorithm, being able to search through around 250,000 existing prefixes quickly. mod_asn is usable as a standalone module, and the lookup result can be used by scripts or other Apache modules. For instance, a download redirector could base its decisions on the lookup result provided by mod_asn.
MirrorBrain is a framework to run a content delivery network using mirror servers. It solves a challenge that many popular open source projects face: a flood of download requests, often magnitudes more than a single site could practically handle. A central (and probably the most obvious) part is a "download redirector" that automatically redirects requests from Web browsers or download programs to a mirror server near them. Choosing a suitable mirror for a user's request is the key, and MirrorBrain uses geolocation and global routing data to make a sensible choice and achieve load-balancing for the mirrors at the same time. The algorithm is both sophisticated and easy to control and tune. In addition, MirrorBrain monitors mirrors, scans them for files, generates mirror lists, and more.