GLE is a library package of C functions that draw extruded surfaces, including surfaces of revolution, sweeps, tubes, polycones, polycylinders and helicoids. Generically, the extruded surface is specified with a 2D polyline that is extruded along a 3D path. A local coordinate system allows for additional flexibility in the primitives drawn. Extrusions may be texture mapped in a variety of ways. The GLE library generates 3D triangle coordinates, lighting normal vectors and texture coordinates as output. GLE uses the GL or OpenGL API's to perform the actual rendering.
GRASS (the Geographic Resources Analysis Support System) is a software raster- and vector-based GIS (Geographic Information System), image processing system, graphics production system, and spatial modeling system. It contains many modules for raster data manipulation, vector data manipulation, rendering images on the monitor or paper, multispectral image geocoding and processing, point data management and general data management. It also has tools for interfacing with digitizers, scanners, and the PostgreSQL, DBF, and ODBC connected databases. GRASS operates on all common operating systems.
K-3D is a 3D modeling, animation, and rendering system for GNU/Linux & Win32. Features include creation and editing of geometry in multiple realtime OpenGL solid, shaded, and texture-mapped views; unlimited undos and redos; complete extensibility at runtime through third-party plugins; animated procedural geometric effects; all parameters animatable through a consistent control-spline based interface; rendering pipeline to Renderman Interface compliant rendering engines; optimization for use with the Aqsis rendering engine, which features solid modelling, true displacement, and user programmable shaders; and support for background and batch rendering.
VMD (Visual Molecular Dynamics) is designed for the visualization and analysis of biological systems such as proteins, nucleic acids, lipid bilayer assemblies, etc. It may be used to view more general molecules, as VMD can read standard Protein Data Bank (PDB) files and display the contained structure. VMD provides a wide variety of methods for rendering and coloring a molecule: simple points and lines, CPK spheres and cylinders, licorice bonds, backbone tubes and ribbons, cartoon drawings, and others. VMD can be used to animate and analyze the trajectory of a molecular dynamics (MD) simulation. In particular, VMD can act as a graphical front end for an external MD program by displaying and animating a molecule undergoing simulation on a remote computer. VMD uses OpenGL and OpenGL Programmable Shading Language for high performance rendering of large structures.
MayaVi is a free, cross platform, easy-to-use scientific data visualizer. It provides a powerful GUI to ease the visualization process. It is written in Python and uses the Visualization Toolkit (VTK) for the graphics. MayaVi can be scripted from other Python programs and also from the interactive Python interpreter. MayaVi includes the VTK Pipeline browser. The VTK Pipeline browser is a Python module (vtkPipeline) that enables one to view and configure the objects in the VTK pipeline graphically with a Tkinter-based GUI. The browser should work for any Python script that uses VTK. MayaVi also provides classes to pickle a VTK object and a simple class documentation browser.
ZOE (formerly OGLE) is a simple OpenGL graphics engine written entirely in Python. Its primary focus is rapid prototyping and experimentation, so it only supports the barest essentials, with focus on wire frames. Special emphasis is placed on particle systems (in which non-interacting particles follow simple rules). Some familiarity with OpenGL is expected, although when exploiting the particle system abstractions, no specific OpenGL knowledge is required. The demos included are the obligatory spinning polyhedra, static views of conic sections and the Solar System, a 3D surface plotter, a fountain of sparks, a swarming behavior model, a random walk example, a whirlpool effect using gravity and drag, and an example of chaos theory and sensitivity to initial conditions.
Moonlight|3D is a modeling and animation tool for three-dimensional art. It currently supports mesh-based modeling. It's a redesign of Moonlight Atelier, formed after Moonlight Atelier/Creator died in 1999/2000. Rendering is done through pluggable backends. It currently supports Sunflow, with support for RenderMan and others in planning.