Blender is a free 3D animation studio. It includes tools for modeling, sculpting, texturing (painting, node-based shader materials, or UV mapped), UV mapping, rigging and constraints, weight painting, particle systems, simulation (fluids, physics, and soft body dynamics and an external crowd simulator), rendering, node-based compositing, and non linear video editing, as well as an integrated game engine for real-time interactive 3D, and game creation and playback with cross-platform compatibility.
Kobldes makes it possible for the designer to model building information and uses POV-Ray for visualization. It is also programmed using the POV-Ray screen description language (SDL). The goal of is to create a fully functioning building information modeling and management tool for designing buildings. It currently allows the designer to accomplish basic tasks with building components such as building levels and spaces in the process of solving design problems. In the near future, it will compute and make available information about the building such as sizes/volumes (such as an area for painting in a particular room), requirement checks (e.g. spatial conformance), and Property checks (e.g. calculating the solar savings factor).
The National Library of Medicine Insight Segmentation and Registration Toolkit (ITK) is a software system to support the Visible Human Project. Segmentation is the process of identifying and classifying data found in a digitally sampled representation. Registration is the task of aligning or developing correspondences between data. For example, in the medical environment, a CT scan may be aligned with an MRI scan in order to combine the information contained in both.
OpenEXR is a high dynamic range (HDR) image file format developed by Industrial Light & Magic for use in computer imaging applications. It includes support for 16-bit floating-point pixels (compatible with NVIDIA's Cg shader language "half" datatype), several lossless compression algorithms, and extensible image metadata attributes.
Radiance is a set of tools which provide an advanced lighting simulation software package. It allows very detailed definition of materials' and light sources' properties through the use of advanced techniques like brdf and ies files, as well as a powerful mathematical scripting language, resulting in accurate renderings of scenes which are usually imported from CAD and 3D modelers. It uses the hybrid approach of Monte Carlo and deterministic ray tracing to achieve a reasonably accurate result in a reasonable time.
OpenCSG is a library that does image-based CSG rendering using OpenGL. CSG is short for "constructive solid geometry" and represents a modeling technique for composing shapes with 3D-primitives which are combined using volumetric boolean operations. Image-based CSG rendering means rendering CSG shapes without calculating their surface in object-space. Instead, the image of a CSG shape is composed directly in the frame-buffer of the graphics hardware by rather sophisticated stenciling and z- buffer operations.