Articles / SuSE: New glibc, pam-module…

SuSE: New glibc, pam-modules, and libxcrypt packages fix remote denial of service

The implementation of the blowfish based password hashing method had a bug affecting passwords that contain 8bit characters (e.g. umlauts). Affected passwords are potentially faster to crack via brute force methods. Updated packages are available from download.opensuse.org.

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______________________________________________________________________________

                       SUSE Security Announcement

       Package:                glibc,pam-modules,libxcrypt,pwdutils
       Announcement ID:        SUSE-SA:2011:035
       Date:                   Tue, 23 Aug 2011 13:00:00 +0000
       Affected Products:      openSUSE 11.3
                               openSUSE 11.4
                               SUSE SLES 9
                               Open Enterprise Server
                               Novell Linux POS 9
                               SLE SDK 10 SP3
                               SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 10 SP3
                               SUSE Linux Enterprise Software Development Kit 11 SP1
                               SUSE Linux Enterprise Desktop 11 SP1
                               SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 11 SP1
                               SUSE Linux Enterprise Desktop 10 SP4
                               SLE SDK 10 SP4
                               SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 10 SP4
       Vulnerability Type:     weak password hashing algorithm
       CVSS v2 Base Score:     5.1 (AV:N/AC:H/Au:N/C:P/I:P/A:P)
       SUSE Default Package:   yes
       Cross-References:       CVE-2011-2483

   Content of This Advisory:
       1) Security Vulnerability Resolved:
            glibc security update
          Problem Description
       2) Solution or Work-Around
       3) Special Instructions and Notes
       4) Package Location and Checksums
       5) Pending Vulnerabilities, Solutions, and Work-Arounds:
           none
       6) Authenticity Verification and Additional Information

______________________________________________________________________________

1) Problem Description and Brief Discussion

  The implementation of the blowfish based password hashing method had
  a bug affecting passwords that contain 8bit characters (e.g.
  umlauts).  Affected passwords are potentially faster to crack via
  brute force methods (CVE-2011-2483).

  SUSE's crypt() implementation supports the blowfish password hashing
  function (id $2a) and system logins by default also use this method.
  This update eliminates the bug in the $2a implementation. After
  installing the update existing $2a hashes therefore no longer match
  hashes generated with the new, correct implementation if the
  password contains 8bit characters. For system logins via PAM the
  pam_unix2 module activates a compat mode and keeps processing
  existing $2a hashes with the old algorithm. This ensures no user
  gets locked out. New password hashes are created with the id "$2y"
  to unambiguously identify them as generated with the correct
  implementation.

  Services that do not use PAM but do use crypt() to store passwords
  using the blowfish hash do not have such a compat mode. That means
  users with 8bit passwords that use such services will not be able to
  log in anymore after the update. As workaround administrators may
  edit the service's password database and change stored hashes from
  $2a to $2x. This will result in crypt() using the old algorithm.
  Users should be required to change their passwords to make sure they
  are migrated to the correct algorithm.

  FAQ:

  Q: I only use ASCII characters in passwords, am I a affected in any
     way?
  A: No.

  Q: What's the meaning of the ids before and after the update?
  A: Before the update:
     $2a -> buggy algorithm

     After the update:
     $2x -> buggy algorithm
     $2a -> correct algorithm
     $2y -> correct algorithm

     System logins using PAM have a compat mode enabled by default:
     $2x -> buggy algorithm
     $2a -> buggy algorithm
     $2y -> correct algorithm

  Q: How do I require users to change their password on next login?
  A: Run the following command as root for each user:
     chage -d 0 <username>

  Q: I run an application that has $2a hashes in it's password database. Some
     users complain that they can not log in anymore.
  A: Edit the password database and change the "$2a" prefix of the affected users'
     hashes to "$2x". They will be able to log in again but should change their
     password ASAP.

  Q: How do I turn off the compat mode for system logins?
  A: Set BLOWFISH_2a2x=no in /etc/default/passwd

2) Solution or Work-Around

  There is no known workaround, please install the update packages.

3) Special Instructions and Notes

  To actually migrate hashes to the new algorithm all users with
  8bit characters in passwords must change passwords after the
  update.

4) Package Location and Checksums

  The preferred method for installing security updates is to use the YaST
  "Online Update" module or the "zypper" commandline tool. The package and
  patch management stack will detect which updates are required and
  automatically perform the necessary steps to verify and install them.

  Alternatively, download the update packages for your distribution manually
  and verify their integrity by the methods listed in Section 6 of this
  announcement. Then install the packages using the command

    rpm -Fhv <file.rpm>

  to apply the update, replacing <file.rpm> with the filename of the
  downloaded RPM package.


  x86 Platform:

  openSUSE 11.4:
  http://download.opensuse.org/update/11.4/rpm/i586/glibc-2.11.3-12.17.1.i586.rpm
  http://download.opensuse.org/update/11.4/rpm/i586/glibc-devel-2.11.3-12.17.1.i586.rpm
  http://download.opensuse.org/update/11.4/rpm/i586/glibc-html-2.11.3-12.17.1.i586.rpm
  http://download.opensuse.org/update/11.4/rpm/i586/glibc-i18ndata-2.11.3-12.17.1.i586.rpm
  http://download.opensuse.org/update/11.4/rpm/i586/glibc-info-2.11.3-12.17.1.i586.rpm
  http://download.opensuse.org/update/11.4/rpm/i586/glibc-locale-2.11.3-12.17.1.i586.rpm
  http://download.opensuse.org/update/11.4/rpm/i586/glibc-obsolete-2.11.3-12.17.1.i586.rpm
  http://download.opensuse.org/update/11.4/rpm/i586/glibc-profile-2.11.3-12.17.1.i586.rpm
  http://download.opensuse.org/update/11.4/rpm/i586/libxcrypt-3.0.3-9.10.1.i586.rpm
  http://download.opensuse.org/update/11.4/rpm/i586/libxcrypt-devel-3.0.3-9.10.1.i586.rpm
  http://download.opensuse.org/update/11.4/rpm/i586/nscd-2.11.3-12.17.1.i586.rpm
  http://download.opensuse.org/update/11.4/rpm/i586/pam-modules-11.4-3.4.1.i586.rpm
  http://download.opensuse.org/update/11.4/rpm/i586/pwdutils-3.2.14-4.5.1.i586.rpm
  http://download.opensuse.org/update/11.4/rpm/i586/pwdutils-plugin-audit-3.2.14-4.5.1.i586.rpm
  http://download.opensuse.org/update/11.4/rpm/i586/pwdutils-rpasswd-3.2.14-4.5.1.i586.rpm

  openSUSE 11.3:
  http://download.opensuse.org/update/11.3/rpm/i586/glibc-2.11.2-3.5.1.i586.rpm
  http://download.opensuse.org/update/11.3/rpm/i586/glibc-devel-2.11.2-3.5.1.i586.rpm
  http://download.opensuse.org/update/11.3/rpm/i586/glibc-html-2.11.2-3.5.1.i586.rpm
  http://download.opensuse.org/update/11.3/rpm/i586/glibc-i18ndata-2.11.2-3.5.1.i586.rpm
  http://download.opensuse.org/update/11.3/rpm/i586/glibc-info-2.11.2-3.5.1.i586.rpm
  http://download.opensuse.org/update/11.3/rpm/i586/glibc-locale-2.11.2-3.5.1.i586.rpm
  http://download.opensuse.org/update/11.3/rpm/i586/glibc-obsolete-2.11.2-3.5.1.i586.rpm
  http://download.opensuse.org/update/11.3/rpm/i586/glibc-profile-2.11.2-3.5.1.i586.rpm
  http://download.opensuse.org/update/11.3/rpm/i586/libxcrypt-3.0.3-5.3.1.i586.rpm
  http://download.opensuse.org/update/11.3/rpm/i586/libxcrypt-devel-3.0.3-5.3.1.i586.rpm
  http://download.opensuse.org/update/11.3/rpm/i586/nscd-2.11.2-3.5.1.i586.rpm
  http://download.opensuse.org/update/11.3/rpm/i586/pam-modules-11.3-0.3.1.i586.rpm
  http://download.opensuse.org/update/11.3/rpm/i586/pwdutils-3.2.10-2.3.1.i586.rpm
  http://download.opensuse.org/update/11.3/rpm/i586/pwdutils-plugin-audit-3.2.10-2.3.1.i586.rpm
  http://download.opensuse.org/update/11.3/rpm/i586/pwdutils-rpasswd-3.2.10-2.3.1.i586.rpm

  x86 Platform:

  openSUSE 11.4:
  http://download.opensuse.org/update/11.4/rpm/i686/glibc-2.11.3-12.17.1.i686.rpm
  http://download.opensuse.org/update/11.4/rpm/i686/glibc-devel-2.11.3-12.17.1.i686.rpm

  openSUSE 11.3:
  http://download.opensuse.org/update/11.3/rpm/i686/glibc-2.11.2-3.5.1.i686.rpm
  http://download.opensuse.org/update/11.3/rpm/i686/glibc-devel-2.11.2-3.5.1.i686.rpm

  x86-64 Platform:

  openSUSE 11.4:
  http://download.opensuse.org/update/11.4/rpm/x86_64/glibc-2.11.3-12.17.1.x86_64.rpm
  http://download.opensuse.org/update/11.4/rpm/x86_64/glibc-32bit-2.11.3-12.17.1.x86_64.rpm
  http://download.opensuse.org/update/11.4/rpm/x86_64/glibc-devel-2.11.3-12.17.1.x86_64.rpm
  http://download.opensuse.org/update/11.4/rpm/x86_64/glibc-devel-32bit-2.11.3-12.17.1.x86_64.rpm
  http://download.opensuse.org/update/11.4/rpm/x86_64/glibc-html-2.11.3-12.17.1.x86_64.rpm
  http://download.opensuse.org/update/11.4/rpm/x86_64/glibc-i18ndata-2.11.3-12.17.1.x86_64.rpm
  http://download.opensuse.org/update/11.4/rpm/x86_64/glibc-info-2.11.3-12.17.1.x86_64.rpm
  http://download.opensuse.org/update/11.4/rpm/x86_64/glibc-locale-2.11.3-12.17.1.x86_64.rpm
  http://download.opensuse.org/update/11.4/rpm/x86_64/glibc-locale-32bit-2.11.3-12.17.1.x86_64.rpm
  http://download.opensuse.org/update/11.4/rpm/x86_64/glibc-obsolete-2.11.3-12.17.1.x86_64.rpm
  http://download.opensuse.org/update/11.4/rpm/x86_64/glibc-profile-2.11.3-12.17.1.x86_64.rpm
  http://download.opensuse.org/update/11.4/rpm/x86_64/glibc-profile-32bit-2.11.3-12.17.1.x86_64.rpm
  http://download.opensuse.org/update/11.4/rpm/x86_64/libxcrypt-3.0.3-9.10.1.x86_64.rpm
  http://download.opensuse.org/update/11.4/rpm/x86_64/libxcrypt-32bit-3.0.3-9.10.1.x86_64.rpm
  http://download.opensuse.org/update/11.4/rpm/x86_64/libxcrypt-devel-3.0.3-9.10.1.x86_64.rpm
  http://download.opensuse.org/update/11.4/rpm/x86_64/nscd-2.11.3-12.17.1.x86_64.rpm
  http://download.opensuse.org/update/11.4/rpm/x86_64/pam-modules-11.4-3.4.1.x86_64.rpm
  http://download.opensuse.org/update/11.4/rpm/x86_64/pam-modules-32bit-11.4-3.4.1.x86_64.rpm
  http://download.opensuse.org/update/11.4/rpm/x86_64/pwdutils-3.2.14-4.5.1.x86_64.rpm
  http://download.opensuse.org/update/11.4/rpm/x86_64/pwdutils-plugin-audit-3.2.14-4.5.1.x86_64.rpm
  http://download.opensuse.org/update/11.4/rpm/x86_64/pwdutils-rpasswd-3.2.14-4.5.1.x86_64.rpm
  http://download.opensuse.org/update/11.4/rpm/x86_64/pwdutils-rpasswd-32bit-3.2.14-4.5.1.x86_64.rpm

  openSUSE 11.3:
  http://download.opensuse.org/update/11.3/rpm/x86_64/glibc-2.11.2-3.5.1.x86_64.rpm
  http://download.opensuse.org/update/11.3/rpm/x86_64/glibc-32bit-2.11.2-3.5.1.x86_64.rpm
  http://download.opensuse.org/update/11.3/rpm/x86_64/glibc-devel-2.11.2-3.5.1.x86_64.rpm
  http://download.opensuse.org/update/11.3/rpm/x86_64/glibc-devel-32bit-2.11.2-3.5.1.x86_64.rpm
  http://download.opensuse.org/update/11.3/rpm/x86_64/glibc-html-2.11.2-3.5.1.x86_64.rpm
  http://download.opensuse.org/update/11.3/rpm/x86_64/glibc-i18ndata-2.11.2-3.5.1.x86_64.rpm
  http://download.opensuse.org/update/11.3/rpm/x86_64/glibc-info-2.11.2-3.5.1.x86_64.rpm
  http://download.opensuse.org/update/11.3/rpm/x86_64/glibc-locale-2.11.2-3.5.1.x86_64.rpm
  http://download.opensuse.org/update/11.3/rpm/x86_64/glibc-locale-32bit-2.11.2-3.5.1.x86_64.rpm
  http://download.opensuse.org/update/11.3/rpm/x86_64/glibc-obsolete-2.11.2-3.5.1.x86_64.rpm
  http://download.opensuse.org/update/11.3/rpm/x86_64/glibc-profile-2.11.2-3.5.1.x86_64.rpm
  http://download.opensuse.org/update/11.3/rpm/x86_64/glibc-profile-32bit-2.11.2-3.5.1.x86_64.rpm
  http://download.opensuse.org/update/11.3/rpm/x86_64/libxcrypt-3.0.3-5.3.1.x86_64.rpm
  http://download.opensuse.org/update/11.3/rpm/x86_64/libxcrypt-32bit-3.0.3-5.3.1.x86_64.rpm
  http://download.opensuse.org/update/11.3/rpm/x86_64/libxcrypt-devel-3.0.3-5.3.1.x86_64.rpm
  http://download.opensuse.org/update/11.3/rpm/x86_64/nscd-2.11.2-3.5.1.x86_64.rpm
  http://download.opensuse.org/update/11.3/rpm/x86_64/pam-modules-11.3-0.3.1.x86_64.rpm
  http://download.opensuse.org/update/11.3/rpm/x86_64/pam-modules-32bit-11.3-0.3.1.x86_64.rpm
  http://download.opensuse.org/update/11.3/rpm/x86_64/pwdutils-3.2.10-2.3.1.x86_64.rpm
  http://download.opensuse.org/update/11.3/rpm/x86_64/pwdutils-plugin-audit-3.2.10-2.3.1.x86_64.rpm
  http://download.opensuse.org/update/11.3/rpm/x86_64/pwdutils-rpasswd-3.2.10-2.3.1.x86_64.rpm
  http://download.opensuse.org/update/11.3/rpm/x86_64/pwdutils-rpasswd-32bit-3.2.10-2.3.1.x86_64.rpm

  Sources:

  openSUSE 11.4:
  http://download.opensuse.org/update/11.4/rpm/src/glibc-2.11.3-12.17.1.nosrc.rpm
  http://download.opensuse.org/update/11.4/rpm/src/glibc-2.11.3-12.17.1.src.rpm
  http://download.opensuse.org/update/11.4/rpm/src/libxcrypt-3.0.3-9.10.1.src.rpm
  http://download.opensuse.org/update/11.4/rpm/src/pam-modules-11.4-3.4.1.src.rpm
  http://download.opensuse.org/update/11.4/rpm/src/pwdutils-3.2.14-4.5.1.src.rpm

  openSUSE 11.3:
  http://download.opensuse.org/update/11.3/rpm/src/glibc-2.11.2-3.5.1.nosrc.rpm
  http://download.opensuse.org/update/11.3/rpm/src/glibc-2.11.2-3.5.1.src.rpm
  http://download.opensuse.org/update/11.3/rpm/src/libxcrypt-3.0.3-5.3.1.src.rpm
  http://download.opensuse.org/update/11.3/rpm/src/pam-modules-11.3-0.3.1.src.rpm
  http://download.opensuse.org/update/11.3/rpm/src/pwdutils-3.2.10-2.3.1.src.rpm

  Our maintenance customers are notified individually. The packages are
  offered for installation from the maintenance web:

  SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 10 SP4
    http://download.novell.com/patch/finder/?keywords=8e9ceee14766a579acb89753eac6018f

  SLE SDK 10 SP4
    http://download.novell.com/patch/finder/?keywords=8e9ceee14766a579acb89753eac6018f

  SUSE Linux Enterprise Desktop 10 SP4
    http://download.novell.com/patch/finder/?keywords=8e9ceee14766a579acb89753eac6018f

  SLE SDK 10 SP3
    http://download.novell.com/patch/finder/?keywords=953879412f2611d0c50fcaee712c9779

  SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 10 SP3
    http://download.novell.com/patch/finder/?keywords=953879412f2611d0c50fcaee712c9779

  SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 11 SP1
    http://download.novell.com/patch/finder/?keywords=77013a29c4a8ec72e720b000b88f4b70

  SUSE Linux Enterprise Desktop 11 SP1
    http://download.novell.com/patch/finder/?keywords=77013a29c4a8ec72e720b000b88f4b70

  SUSE Linux Enterprise Software Development Kit 11 SP1
    http://download.novell.com/patch/finder/?keywords=77013a29c4a8ec72e720b000b88f4b70

  Open Enterprise Server
    http://download.novell.com/patch/finder/?keywords=9461d1e81594a5e74d3886c3bbeb79ba

  Novell Linux POS 9
    http://download.novell.com/patch/finder/?keywords=9461d1e81594a5e74d3886c3bbeb79ba

  SUSE SLES 9
    http://download.novell.com/patch/finder/?keywords=9461d1e81594a5e74d3886c3bbeb79ba

______________________________________________________________________________

5) Pending Vulnerabilities, Solutions, and Work-Arounds:

  none
______________________________________________________________________________

6) Authenticity Verification and Additional Information

 - Announcement authenticity verification:

   SUSE security announcements are published via mailing lists and on Web
   sites. The authenticity and integrity of a SUSE security announcement is
   guaranteed by a cryptographic signature in each announcement. All SUSE
   security announcements are published with a valid signature.

   To verify the signature of the announcement, save it as text into a file
   and run the command

     gpg --verify <file>

   replacing <file> with the name of the file where you saved the
   announcement. The output for a valid signature looks like:

     gpg: Signature made <DATE> using RSA key ID 3D25D3D9
     gpg: Good signature from "SuSE Security Team <security@suse.de>"

   where <DATE> is replaced by the date the document was signed.

   If the security team's key is not contained in your key ring, you can
   import it from the first installation CD. To import the key, use the
   command

     gpg --import gpg-pubkey-3d25d3d9-36e12d04.asc

 - Package authenticity verification:

   SUSE update packages are available on many mirror FTP servers all over the
   world. While this service is considered valuable and important to the free
   and open source software community, the authenticity and the integrity of
   a package needs to be verified to ensure that it has not been tampered
   with.

   The internal rpm package signatures provide an easy way to verify the
   authenticity of an RPM package. Use the command

    rpm -v --checksig <file.rpm>

   to verify the signature of the package, replacing <file.rpm> with the
   filename of the RPM package downloaded. The package is unmodified if it
   contains a valid signature from build@suse.de with the key ID 9C800ACA.

   This key is automatically imported into the RPM database (on
   RPMv4-based distributions) and the gpg key ring of 'root' during
   installation. You can also find it on the first installation CD and at
   the end of this announcement.

 - SUSE runs two security mailing lists to which any interested party may
   subscribe:

   opensuse-security@opensuse.org
       -   General Linux and SUSE security discussion.
           All SUSE security announcements are sent to this list.
           To subscribe, send an e-mail to
               <opensuse-security+subscribe@opensuse.org>.

   opensuse-security-announce@opensuse.org
       -   SUSE's announce-only mailing list.
           Only SUSE's security announcements are sent to this list.
           To subscribe, send an e-mail to
               <opensuse-security-announce+subscribe@opensuse.org>.

   =====================================================================
   SUSE's security contact is <security@suse.com> or <security@suse.de>.
   The <security@suse.de> public key is listed below.
   =====================================================================
______________________________________________________________________________

   The information in this advisory may be distributed or reproduced,
   provided that the advisory is not modified in any way. In particular, the
   clear text signature should show proof of the authenticity of the text.

   SUSE Linux Products GmbH provides no warranties of any kind whatsoever
   with respect to the information contained in this security advisory.

Type Bits/KeyID     Date       User ID
pub  2048R/3D25D3D9 1999-03-06 SuSE Security Team <security@suse.de>
pub  1024D/9C800ACA 2000-10-19 SuSE Package Signing Key <build@suse.de>

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Screenshot

Project Spotlight

Kigo Video Converter Ultimate for Mac

A tool for converting and editing videos.

Screenshot

Project Spotlight

Kid3

An efficient tagger for MP3, Ogg/Vorbis, and FLAC files.